This section considers studies regarding all aspects of endocrinology and diabetology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Research

    Chemerin as a novel non-invasive serum marker of intrahepatic lipid content in obese children

    Ectopic hepatic lipid accumulation is closely related to the development of insulin resistance, which is regarded as one of the most significant risk factors of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The c...

    Monika Kłusek-Oksiuta, Irena Bialokoz-Kalinowska, Eugeniusz Tarasów, Malgorzata Wojtkowska, Irena Werpachowska and Dariusz Marek Lebensztejn

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:84

    Published on: 17 November 2014

  2. Case report

    Hydrocortisone malabsorption due to polyethylene glycols (Macrogol 3350) in a girl with congenital adrenal insufficiency

    Primary adrenal insufficiency is relatively rare in children and, if unrecognized, may present with cardiovascular collapse, making it a potentially life-threatening entity.

    Stefano Stagi, Paolo Del Greco, Franco Ricci, Chiara Iurato, Giovanni Poggi, Salvatore Seminara and Maurizio de Martino

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:78

    Published on: 26 September 2014

  3. Research

    Development and validation of serum bilirubin nomogram to predict the absence of risk for severe hyperbilirubinaemia before discharge: a prospective, multicenter study

    Early discharge of healthy late preterm and full term newborn infants has become common practice because of the current social and economic necessities. Severe jaundice, and even kernicterus, has developed in ...

    Costantino Romagnoli, Eloisa Tiberi, Giovanni Barone, Mario De Curtis, Daniela Regoli, Piermichele Paolillo, Simonetta Picone, Stefano Anania, Maurizio Finocchi, Valentina Cardiello, Lucia Giordano, Valentina Paolucci and Enrico Zecca

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:6

    Published on: 1 February 2012

  4. Review

    Obesity and craniopharyngioma

    An epidemic of pediatric obesity has occurred across the world in recent years. There are subgroups within the population at high-risk of becoming obese and especially of having experience of precocious cardio...

    Lorenzo Iughetti and Patrizia Bruzzi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:38

    Published on: 16 August 2011

  5. Case report

    Pituitary hyperplasia secondary to acquired hypothyroidism: case report

    despite recent progress in imaging, it is still difficult to distinguish between pituitary adenoma and hyperplasia, even using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with gadolinium injection. We describe an example...

    Roberto Franceschi, Umberto Rozzanigo, Riccarda Failo, Maria Bellizzi and Annunziata Di Palma

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:15

    Published on: 7 April 2011

  6. Research

    Clinical evaluation of the function of hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis in children with central nervous system infections

    It is well known that certain non-thyroidal critical illness may lead to euthyroid sick syndrome(ESS). There are little reports about the change of thyroid hormone in the children's central nervous system (CNS...

    Fuyong Jiao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Taomin Bai, Jing Lin, Wei Cui and Bingweng Liu

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:11

    Published on: 11 February 2011

  7. Commentary

    "Mi voglio bene": a pediatrician-based randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in Italian preschool children

    The first years of life are crucial to start preventive interventions that can have an impact on lifestyle and later overweight and obesity. Under the Italian National Health System (INHS), children are cared ...

    Paolo Brambilla, Giorgio Bedogni, Carmen Buongiovanni, Guido Brusoni, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Mario Di Pietro, Marco Giussani, Manuel Gnecchi, Lorenzo Iughetti, Paola Manzoni, Maura Sticco and Sergio Bernasconi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:55

    Published on: 17 August 2010

  8. Case report

    Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver: an unusual association with diabetes mellitus in a child and review of literature

    Hepatic hemangioma, adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia are the most frequent benign lesions of the liver, but they are all infrequent among pediatric population. The reports of focal nodular hyperplasia in ...

    Piero Farruggia, Rita Alaggio, Francesca Cardella, Serena Tropia, Antonino Trizzino, Francesca Ferrara and Paolo D'Angelo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:41

    Published on: 26 May 2010

  9. Research

    Role of adiponectin and leptin on body development in infants during the first year of life

    The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this st...

    Elena Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Marica Arvigo, Paola Travaglino, Sara Pagani, Mauro Stronati, Antonella Gasparoni, Carolina Bianco and Mauro Bozzola

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:26

    Published on: 18 March 2010

  10. Research

    Newborn of mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis: the importance of thyroid function monitoring in the first months of life

    evaluation of thyroid function in neonates born from mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis in order to define if a precise follow-up is necessary for these children. The influence of maternal thyroid pero...

    Rosanna Rovelli, Maria Cristina Vigone, Chiara Giovanettoni, Arianna Passoni, Ludovica Maina, Andrea Corrias, Carlo Corbetta, Fabio Mosca, Giuseppe Chiumello and Giovanna Weber

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:24

    Published on: 10 March 2010

  11. Letter to the Editor

    Obituary of Dr. Angelo Di George

    Luigi Tarani, Maria C Digilio, Bruno Dallapiccola, Donna M Mc Donald-McGinn and Bruno Marino

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:22

    Published on: 4 March 2010

  12. Review

    Drugs of abuse and the adolescent athlete

    Doping with endocrine drugs is quite prevalent in amateur and professional athletes. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has a list of banned drugs for athletes who compete and a strategy to detect such drugs....

    Alan D Rogol

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:19

    Published on: 18 February 2010

  13. Commentary

    At the end of a two-year follow-up elevated TSH levels normalize or remain unchanged in most the children with subclinical hypothyroidism

    Data about the natural evolution of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in pediatric age are very scanty. Moreover all the available reports in both aged and young patients were based on unselected study populatio...

    Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giuseppina Zirilli, Tommaso Aversa and Teresa Arrigo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:11

    Published on: 30 January 2010

  14. Commentary

    Toxic environment and obesity pandemia: Is there a relationship?

    Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, resulting from genes, environment and behaviour interactions, and represents the most common metabolic disorder in the Western Hemisphere. Its prevalence has dramatically ...

    Giuseppe Latini, Francesco Gallo and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:8

    Published on: 22 January 2010

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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