Neonatology and Fetal Medicine

This section covers all aspects of neonatal and fetal health, disease, treatment, and outcomes.

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  1. Research

    Continuous glucose monitoring in preterm infants: evaluation by a modified Clarke error grid

    Continuous glucose monitoring using subcutaneous sensors has been validated in adults and children with diabetes, and was found to be useful in the management of glucose control. We aimed to assess feasibility...

    Eloisa Tiberi, Francesco Cota, Giovanni Barone, Alessandro Perri, Valerio Romano, Rossella Iannotta, Costantino Romagnoli and Enrico Zecca

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:29

    Published on: 9 March 2016

  2. Debate

    A conceptual framework for rationalized and standardized Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) programs

    Congenital hearing loss is the most frequent birth defect. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing established quality of care process indicators for Universal Newborn Hear...

    Carlo Giacomo Leo, Pierpaolo Mincarone, Saverio Sabina, Giuseppe Latini and John B. Wong

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:15

    Published on: 12 February 2016

  3. Review

    Association between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and risks of congenital heart defects in offspring: meta-analysis of epidemiological observational studies

    To explore the association between maternal alcohol consumption and/or binge drinking and congenital heart defects (CHDs), we conducted a meta-analysis for more sufficient evidence on this issue.

    Zhongyuan Wen, Di Yu, Weiyan Zhang, Changfeng Fan, Liang Hu, Yu Feng, Lei Yang, Zeyu Wu, Runsen Chen, Ke-jie Yin and Xuming Mo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:12

    Published on: 3 February 2016

  4. Research

    Effectiveness of intratracheal salbutamol in addition to surfactant on the clinical course of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome: a clinical trial

    In addition to surfactant deficiency, increase of lung fluid content and secretion of fluid derived from the blood participate in the pathogenesis of RDS in newborns.

    Masoud Dehdashtian, Arash Malakian, Mohammad Reza Aramesh, Ali Mazori, Mohammad Hasan Aletayeb, Afsaneh Shirani and Shiva Bashirnejad

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:6

    Published on: 19 January 2016

  5. Case report

    Neonatal lupus erythematosus: a cutaneous cases based update

    Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus (NLE) is an uncommon autoimmune disease characterized by cutaneous, hepatic, hematological, neurological and cardiac involvement.

    Francesco Savino, Serena Viola, Valentina Tarasco, Emanuela Locatelli, Alberto Ricagni and Paola Coppo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2016 42:1

    Published on: 7 January 2016

  6. Review

    Revised recommendations concerning palivizumab prophylaxis for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

    Respiratory Syncytial Virus infections are one of the leading causes of severe respiratory diseases that require hospitalization and, in some cases, intensive care. Once resolved, there may be respiratory sequ...

    Lina Bollani, Eugenio Baraldi, Gaetano Chirico, Andrea Dotta, Marcello Lanari, Antonello Del Vecchio, Paolo Manzoni, Antonio Boldrini, Piermichele Paolillo, Sandra Di Fabio, Luigi Orfeo, Mauro Stronati and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:97

    Published on: 15 December 2015

  7. Research

    Effects of infant massage on jaundiced neonates undergoing phototherapy

    Infant massage is a natural way for caregivers to improve health, sleep patterns, and reduce colic. We aimed to investigate the effects of infant massage on neonates with jaundice who are also receiving photot...

    Chien-Heng Lin, Hsiu-Chuan Yang, Chien-Sheng Cheng and Chin-En Yen

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:94

    Published on: 25 November 2015

  8. Case report

    Massive thymic hemorrhage and hemothorax occurring in utero

    Thymic enlargement is a common and physiological finding in children and neonates’ X-rays, but it is usually asymptomatic. Occasionally it can cause respiratory distress. In most cases the aetiology of this e...

    Giancarlo Gargano, Anna Lucia Paltrinieri, Claudio Gallo, Luciana Di Pancrazio, Maria Federica Roversi and Fabrizio Ferrari

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:88

    Published on: 14 November 2015

  9. Review

    Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) affects predominantly preterm infants, who have specific risk factors leading to intestinal dysbiosis. Manipulations of gut microbiota through probiotics have the potential to prev...

    Arianna Aceti, Davide Gori, Giovanni Barone, Maria Luisa Callegari, Antonio Di Mauro, Maria Pia Fantini, Flavia Indrio, Luca Maggio, Fabio Meneghin, Lorenzo Morelli, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti and Luigi Corvaglia

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:89

    Published on: 14 November 2015

  10. Case Report

    Prenatal diagnosis of Fraser syndrome: a matter of life or death?

    Fraser Syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive syndrome. It’s characterized primarily by cryptophthalmos, syndactyly and urogenital malformation. Respiratory malformations are frequently present and not taken ...

    Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maurizio Giordano, Antonino Di Toro, Desiree Sordino and Daniele De Brasi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:86

    Published on: 9 November 2015

  11. Research

    Status of gastric lavage in neonates born with meconium stained amniotic fluid: a randomized controlled trial

    Neonates born with meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) can develop feed intolerance during first few days of post -natal period. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with the objectives of to find ou...

    Lokraj Shah, Gauri Shankar Shah, Rupa Rajbhandari Singh, Hanoon Pokharel and Om Prakash Mishra

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:85

    Published on: 31 October 2015

  12. Research

    Prevalence, prenatal screening and neonatal features in children with Down syndrome: a registry- based national study

    Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities among newborns. In recent years advances in perinatal and neonatal care have improved chance of survival for the children with DS. The obj...

    Tatjana Glivetic, Urelija Rodin, Milan Milosevic, Diana Mayer, Boris Filipovic-Grcic and Maida Seferovic Saric

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:81

    Published on: 28 October 2015

  13. Commentary

    Position Statement on Breastfeeding from the Italian Pediatric Societies

    The 2015 Position Statement on Breastfeeding of The Italian Pediatric Societies (SIP, SIN, SICupp, SIGENP) recognizes breastfeeding as an healthy behaviour with many short and long term benefits for both mothe...

    Riccardo Davanzo, Costantino Romagnoli and Giovanni Corsello

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:80

    Published on: 24 October 2015

  14. Research

    The effects of selective head cooling versus whole-body cooling on some neural and inflammatory biomarkers: a randomized controlled pilot study

    Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has become standard care in newborns with moderate to severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and the 2 most commonly used methods are selective head cooling (SHC) and whole ...

    Yalçın Çelik, Aytuğ Atıcı, Selvi Gülaşı, Khatuna Makharoblıdze, Gülçin Eskandari, Mehmet Ali Sungur and Serin Akbayır

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:79

    Published on: 15 October 2015

  15. Review

    Each niche has an actor: multiple stem cell niches in the preterm kidney

    The preterm kidney cannot be simply considered as a kidney small in size: as compared to the adult kidney, the developing organ of the preterm infant is characterized by marked differences regarding the archit...

    D. Fanni, A. Sanna, C. Gerosa, M. Puddu, G. Faa and V. Fanos

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:78

    Published on: 15 October 2015

  16. Review

    Italian guidelines for the management and treatment of neonatal cholestasis

    Hyperbilirubinemia is a frequent condition affecting newborns during the first two weeks of life and when it lasts more than 14 days it is defined as prolonged jaundice. This condition requires differential di...

    Carlo Dani, Simone Pratesi, Francesco Raimondi and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:69

    Published on: 1 October 2015

  17. Research

    Cost of care and social consequences of very low birth weight infants without premature- related morbidities in Italy

    Aim of this study was to estimate the cost that is borne by the Italian National Health Service, families, and social security due to very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) without prematurity-related morbidit...

    Maria Caterina Cavallo, Attilio Gugiatti, Giovanni Fattore, Simone Gerzeli, Dario Barbieri and Rinaldo Zanini

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:59

    Published on: 19 August 2015

  18. Research

    Epidural analgesia, neonatal care and breastfeeding

    The objective of our study is to evaluate the correlation between epidural analgesia during labor, start of breastfeeding and type of maternal-neonatal care.

    Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Giovanni Alighieri, Riccardo Riccardi, Maria Cavani, Alma Iafisco, Francesco Cota and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:82

    Published on: 29 November 2014

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