Neonatology and Fetal Medicine

This section covers all aspects of neonatal and fetal health, disease, treatment, and outcomes.

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  1. Review

    Revised recommendations concerning palivizumab prophylaxis for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

    Respiratory Syncytial Virus infections are one of the leading causes of severe respiratory diseases that require hospitalization and, in some cases, intensive care. Once resolved, there may be respiratory sequ...

    Lina Bollani, Eugenio Baraldi, Gaetano Chirico, Andrea Dotta, Marcello Lanari, Antonello Del Vecchio, Paolo Manzoni, Antonio Boldrini, Piermichele Paolillo, Sandra Di Fabio, Luigi Orfeo, Mauro Stronati and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:97

    Published on: 15 December 2015

  2. Research

    Effects of infant massage on jaundiced neonates undergoing phototherapy

    Infant massage is a natural way for caregivers to improve health, sleep patterns, and reduce colic. We aimed to investigate the effects of infant massage on neonates with jaundice who are also receiving photot...

    Chien-Heng Lin, Hsiu-Chuan Yang, Chien-Sheng Cheng and Chin-En Yen

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:94

    Published on: 25 November 2015

  3. Case report

    Massive thymic hemorrhage and hemothorax occurring in utero

    Thymic enlargement is a common and physiological finding in children and neonates’ X-rays, but it is usually asymptomatic. Occasionally it can cause respiratory distress. In most cases the aetiology of this e...

    Giancarlo Gargano, Anna Lucia Paltrinieri, Claudio Gallo, Luciana Di Pancrazio, Maria Federica Roversi and Fabrizio Ferrari

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:88

    Published on: 14 November 2015

  4. Review

    Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) affects predominantly preterm infants, who have specific risk factors leading to intestinal dysbiosis. Manipulations of gut microbiota through probiotics have the potential to prev...

    Arianna Aceti, Davide Gori, Giovanni Barone, Maria Luisa Callegari, Antonio Di Mauro, Maria Pia Fantini, Flavia Indrio, Luca Maggio, Fabio Meneghin, Lorenzo Morelli, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti and Luigi Corvaglia

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:89

    Published on: 14 November 2015

  5. Case Report

    Prenatal diagnosis of Fraser syndrome: a matter of life or death?

    Fraser Syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive syndrome. It’s characterized primarily by cryptophthalmos, syndactyly and urogenital malformation. Respiratory malformations are frequently present and not taken ...

    Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maurizio Giordano, Antonino Di Toro, Desiree Sordino and Daniele De Brasi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:86

    Published on: 9 November 2015

  6. Research

    Status of gastric lavage in neonates born with meconium stained amniotic fluid: a randomized controlled trial

    Neonates born with meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) can develop feed intolerance during first few days of post -natal period. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with the objectives of to find ou...

    Lokraj Shah, Gauri Shankar Shah, Rupa Rajbhandari Singh, Hanoon Pokharel and Om Prakash Mishra

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:85

    Published on: 31 October 2015

  7. Research

    Prevalence, prenatal screening and neonatal features in children with Down syndrome: a registry- based national study

    Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities among newborns. In recent years advances in perinatal and neonatal care have improved chance of survival for the children with DS. The obj...

    Tatjana Glivetic, Urelija Rodin, Milan Milosevic, Diana Mayer, Boris Filipovic-Grcic and Maida Seferovic Saric

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:81

    Published on: 28 October 2015

  8. Commentary

    Position Statement on Breastfeeding from the Italian Pediatric Societies

    The 2015 Position Statement on Breastfeeding of The Italian Pediatric Societies (SIP, SIN, SICupp, SIGENP) recognizes breastfeeding as an healthy behaviour with many short and long term benefits for both mothe...

    Riccardo Davanzo, Costantino Romagnoli and Giovanni Corsello

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:80

    Published on: 24 October 2015

  9. Research

    The effects of selective head cooling versus whole-body cooling on some neural and inflammatory biomarkers: a randomized controlled pilot study

    Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has become standard care in newborns with moderate to severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and the 2 most commonly used methods are selective head cooling (SHC) and whole ...

    Yalçın Çelik, Aytuğ Atıcı, Selvi Gülaşı, Khatuna Makharoblıdze, Gülçin Eskandari, Mehmet Ali Sungur and Serin Akbayır

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:79

    Published on: 15 October 2015

  10. Review

    Each niche has an actor: multiple stem cell niches in the preterm kidney

    The preterm kidney cannot be simply considered as a kidney small in size: as compared to the adult kidney, the developing organ of the preterm infant is characterized by marked differences regarding the archit...

    D. Fanni, A. Sanna, C. Gerosa, M. Puddu, G. Faa and V. Fanos

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:78

    Published on: 15 October 2015

  11. Review

    Italian guidelines for the management and treatment of neonatal cholestasis

    Hyperbilirubinemia is a frequent condition affecting newborns during the first two weeks of life and when it lasts more than 14 days it is defined as prolonged jaundice. This condition requires differential di...

    Carlo Dani, Simone Pratesi, Francesco Raimondi and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:69

    Published on: 1 October 2015

  12. Research

    Cost of care and social consequences of very low birth weight infants without premature- related morbidities in Italy

    Aim of this study was to estimate the cost that is borne by the Italian National Health Service, families, and social security due to very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) without prematurity-related morbidit...

    Maria Caterina Cavallo, Attilio Gugiatti, Giovanni Fattore, Simone Gerzeli, Dario Barbieri and Rinaldo Zanini

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2015 41:59

    Published on: 19 August 2015

  13. Research

    Epidural analgesia, neonatal care and breastfeeding

    The objective of our study is to evaluate the correlation between epidural analgesia during labor, start of breastfeeding and type of maternal-neonatal care.

    Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Giovanni Alighieri, Riccardo Riccardi, Maria Cavani, Alma Iafisco, Francesco Cota and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:82

    Published on: 29 November 2014

  14. Research

    Impact of kangaroo mother care on cerebral blood flow of preterm infants

    Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been widely used to improve the care of preterms and low birth weight infants. However, very little is known about cerebral hemodynamics responses in preterm infants during KMC i...

    Afaf A Korraa, Alyaa A I El Nagger, Ragaa Abd El-Salam Mohamed and Noha M Helmy

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:83

    Published on: 13 November 2014

  15. Research

    Chest and occipito-frontal circumference measurements in the detection of low birth weight among Nigerian newborns of Igbo ethnicity

    The World Health Organisation has recommended the use of anthropometric measurements as birth weight surrogates. However, it has been found that cut-off points for these anthropometric measurements vary across...

    Ikenna K Ndu, Stella N Ibeziako, Egbuna O Obidike, Gilbert N Adimora, Benedict O Edelu, Josephat M Chinawa, Isaac N Asinobi and Nwachinemere D Uleanya

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:81

    Published on: 28 October 2014

  16. Research

    Individualized follow up programme and early discharge in term neonates

    Early discharge of mother/neonate dyad has become a common practice, and its effects are measured by readmission rates. We evaluated the safety of early discharge followed by an individualized Follow-up progra...

    Maria Pia De Carolis, Carmen Cocca, Elisabetta Valente, Serafina Lacerenza, Serena Antonia Rubortone, Antonio Alberto Zuppa and Costantino Romagnoli

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:70

    Published on: 15 July 2014

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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