Neurology, Behaviour and Development

This section considers studies on neurological, psychiatric, behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

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  1. Case report

    Acute post-infectious cerebellar ataxia due to co-infection of human herpesvirus-6 and adenovirus mimicking myositis

    Acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) is a relatively common neurological disease in children. Most common types of ACA are acute post-infectious (APCA) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). Less common but...

    Aldo Naselli, Giovanna Pala, Federico Cresta, Martina Finetti, Roberta Biancheri and Salvatore Renna

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:98

    Published on: 26 November 2014

  2. Review

    Hydranencephaly: cerebral spinal fluid instead of cerebral mantles

    The authors report a wide and updated revision of hydranencephaly, including a literature review, and present the case of a patient affected by this condition, still alive at 36 months.

    Piero Pavone, Andrea D Praticò, Giovanna Vitaliti, Martino Ruggieri, Renata Rizzo, Enrico Parano, Lorenzo Pavone, Giuseppe Pero and Raffaele Falsaperla

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:79

    Published on: 18 October 2014

  3. Research

    Acute cerebellitis in varicella: a ten year case series and systematic review of the literature

    Acute cerebellitis (AC) is the most common neurological complication of varicella. Nevertheless, it has been scarcely studied. The objective of this study were to asses the occurrence of AC among children hosp...

    Elena Bozzola, Mauro Bozzola, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi, Valeria Calcaterra, Daniela Longo, Andrzej Krzystofiak and Alberto Villani

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:57

    Published on: 19 June 2014

  4. Research

    Epidemiological study on behavioural and emotional problems in developmental age: prevalence in a sample of Italian children, based on parent and teacher reports

    The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of behavioural and emotional problems in a sample of school children living in Campania, a region of South Italy.

    Antonella Gritti, Carmela Bravaccio, Simona Signoriello, Filomena Salerno, Simone Pisano, Gennaro Catone, Ciro Gallo and Antonio Pascotto

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:19

    Published on: 18 February 2014

  5. Research

    Psychotherapy versus usual care in pediatric migraine and tension-type headache: a single-blind controlled pilot study

    Despite growing interest in psychotherapy in child and adolescent headache, efficacy studies in this research field have focused mainly on cognitive-behavioral therapies. Whereas relaxation and cognitive-behav...

    Umberto Balottin, Matteo Ferri, Michela Racca, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Ettore Beghi, Matteo Chiappedi and Cristiano Termine

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2014 40:6

    Published on: 20 January 2014

  6. Case report

    Focal epilepsy with ictal abdominal pain: a case report

    Focal epilepsy with ictal abdominal pain is an unusual partial epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal episodes of abdominal or visceral pain, disturbance of awareness and electroencephalographic abnormalities. W...

    Caterina Cerminara, Nadia El Malhany, Denis Roberto and Paolo Curatolo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:76

    Published on: 9 December 2013

  7. Case report

    A case of meningitis due to varicella zoster virus reactivation in an immunocompetent child

    The development of neurological complications due to varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is relatively uncommon, particularly in the case of immunocompetent patients. Only a few cases have been described...

    Susanna Esposito, Samantha Bosis, Raffaella Pinzani, Laura Morlacchi, Laura Senatore and Nicola Principi

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:72

    Published on: 13 November 2013

  8. Review

    Is mTOR inhibition a systemic treatment for tuberous sclerosis?

    Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic multisystem disorder characterized by the development of hamartomas in several organs. Mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 tumor suppressor genes determin overactivatio...

    Romina Moavero, Antonella Coniglio, Francesco Garaci and Paolo Curatolo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:57

    Published on: 17 September 2013

  9. Research

    Antiepileptic drugs and breastfeeding

    This review provides a synopsis for clinicians on the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in the breastfeeding mother.

    Riccardo Davanzo, Sara Dal Bo, Jenny Bua, Marco Copertino, Elisa Zanelli and Lorenza Matarazzo

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:50

    Published on: 28 August 2013

  10. Commentary

    Neonatal seizures therapy: we are still looking for the efficacious drug

    Therapeutic options currently available for neonatal seizures are still unsatisfactory both in terms of efficacy and of risk for long-term neurotoxicity, even if there is growing recognition of their potential...

    Carlotta Spagnoli, Elena Pavlidis and Francesco Pisani

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:37

    Published on: 5 June 2013

  11. Case report

    Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome: case report of fetal unilateral ventriculomegaly and hypoplastic left middle cerebral artery

    Prenatal ultrasonographic detection of unilateral cerebral ventriculomegaly arises suspicion of pathological condition related to cerebrospinal fluid flow obstruction or cerebral parenchimal pathology. Dyke-Da...

    Ettore Piro, Maria Piccione, Gianluca Marrone, Mario Giuffrè and Giovanni Corsello

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:32

    Published on: 14 May 2013

  12. Research

    Impact of speed and magnitude of weight loss on the development of brain trophic changes in adolescents with anorexia nervosa: a case control study

    Anorexia nervosa commonly arises during adolescence and is associated with more than one medical morbidity. Abnormalities in brain structure (defined as “pseudoatrophy”) are common in adolescents with anorexia...

    Monica Bomba, Anna Riva, Federica Veggo, Marco Grimaldi, Sabrina Morzenti, Francesca Neri and Renata Nacinovich

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:14

    Published on: 19 February 2013

  13. Case report

    Four-year follow-up study in a NF1 Boy with a focal pontine hamartoma

    Neurofibromatosis is a collective name for a group of genetic conditions in which benign tumours affect the nervous system. Type 1 is caused by a genetic mutation in the NF1 gene (OMIM 613113) and symptoms can...

    Pasquale Parisi, Severino Persechino, Maria Chiara Paolino, Francesco Nicita, Isabella Torrente, Alessandro Bozzao and Maria Pia Villa

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:10

    Published on: 11 February 2013

  14. Review

    Hemihydranencephaly: living with half brain dysfunction

    Hemi-hydranencephaly is a very rare condition characterized by complete or almost near-complete unilateral absence of the cortical cortex, which is filled by a sac of cerebrospinal fluid. Prenatal vascular dis...

    Piero Pavone, Francesco Nigro, Raffaele Falsaperla, Filippo Greco, Martino Ruggieri, Renata Rizzo, Andrea D Praticò and Lorenzo Pavone

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2013 39:3

    Published on: 16 January 2013

  15. Research

    Abilities of preschoolers: comparing different tools

    There is a strong need for studies evaluating tests in terms both of psychometric properties (i.e. their efficacy or ability to be helpful in reaching a diagnosis) and of their cost-effectiveness (i.e. their e...

    Matteo Chiappedi, Erika Maffioletti, Fausta Piazza, Nicole D'Adda, Marta Tamburini and Umberto Balottin

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:3

    Published on: 26 January 2012

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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