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Table 1 Anthropometrical measurements of AGA, symmetrical and asymmetrical SGA at birth, 1, 6 and 12 months of life.

From: Role of adiponectin and leptin on body development in infants during the first year of life

AGA Birth 1 month 6 months 12 months
Length (SDS) 0.31 ± 0.78# 0.39 ± 0.87# -0.15 ± 0.90 -0.40 ± 0.95
Weight (SDS) -0.23 ± 0.66# -0.24 ± 1.22 0.26 ± 0.98 0.19 ± 1.05
BMI (SDS) -0.06 ± 0.84§ 0.70 ± 0.86 0.77 ± 1.14 0.38 ± 1.03
Head circumference (SDS) 0.49 ± 0.76# 0.28 ± 1.05# 0.61 ± 1.14# -0.70 ± 0.69
Symmetrical SGA     
Length (SDS) -1.82 ± 0.85* -1.21 ± 1.29* -1.47 ± 0.81* -1.85 ± 0.54*
Weight (SDS) -2.45 ± 0.75* -2.52 ± 1.97*# -1.43 ± 1.54*# -1.93 ± 1.62*
BMI (SDS) -1.53 ± 0.60*§ -0.61 ± 1.19* 0.33 ± 1.19 -0.27 ± 1.02*
Head circumference (SDS) -1.01 ± 0.88* -0.75 ± 1.01* -0.47 ± 0.76* -1.25 ± 0.77
Asymmetrical SGA     
Length (SDS) -0.29 ± 0.62^ -0.10 ± 0.69^# -0.47 ± 0.57^ -0.70 ± 0.61^
Weight (SDS) -1.84 ± 0.27*#§ -1.25 ± 0.84* -0.19 ± 1.38 -0.73 ± 1.40
BMI (SDS) -1.80 ± 0.49*#§ -0.54 ± 1.09* 0.62 ± 1.71# 0.22 ± 1.54
Head circumference (SDS) -0.86 ± 0.91* -0.65 ± 1.24* -0.65 ± 1.35* -1.31 ± 1.24
  1. * p < 0.05 versus AGA at corresponding time (Mann-Whitney U test)
  2. ^ p < 0.05 versus symmetrical SGA at corresponding time (Mann-Whitney U test)
  3. # p < 0.01 versus 12 months with respect to the same group (Wilcoxon test)
  4. § p < 0.001 versus 1 month with respect to the same group (Wilcoxon test)
  5. Data are shown as mean ± standard deviation.