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Table 3 Serum levels of VEGF, PD-ECGF/TP activity and leptin in patients groups and controls

From: Angiogenic biomarkers in children with congenital heart disease: possible implications

Biomarkers VEGF (pg/ml) PD-ECGF (U/ml) Leptin (ng/ml)
Patients groups mean ± SD Range mean ± SD Range mean ± SD Range
Cyanotic (n = 30)
(I)
410.83 ± 102.79 195-600 31 ± 8.22 15-50 41.96 ± 11.05 20-60
Acyanotic (n = 30)
(II)
308.66 ± 85.74
a†
180-450 21.16 ± 6.7
a†
12-35 32.93 ± 9.53
a†
15-48
Controls (n = 25)
(III)
141.4 ± 55.38
a* b*
65-250 14.96 ± 4.37
a† b‡
9-23 8.88 ± 2.03
a* b*
5-12.5
  1. a: Groups II, III versus I
  2. b: Group III versus II
  3. *: p < 0.001
  4. †: p < 0.01
  5. ‡: p < 0.05