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Table 1 The clinical characteristics of the RSV vs. non RSV cases

From: Acute lower respiratory tract infection due to respiratory syncytial virus in a group of Egyptian children under 5 years of age

  RSV
(n = 70)
Non-RSV (n = 357) P-value
Mean Age ± std. deviation (months) 8.2 (± 11.5) 14.2 (± 14.37) 0.001
Mean Weight ± std. deviation (kg) 6.7(± 3.3) 8.5(± 5.4) 0.006
Patients with small weight for age (%) 21.2% 37.8% 0.024
Mean Respiratory rate ± std. deviation (/min) in patients 2-11 mo 58.4 (± 9.2) 52.7 (± 9.3) <0.001
Mean Respiratory rate ± std. deviation (/min) in patients 12-59 mo 47.7(± 8.53) 46.8(± 8.48) 0.724
Tachypnea (%) 62.9% 54.9% 0.137
Wheezes (%) 7.1% 9.8% 0.635
Difficult breathing (%) 98 91 0.053
Chest in-drawing (%) 88 74 0.014
Cough (%) 100 97 0.18
Inability to feed (%) 52 44 0.13
Convulsions (%) 1.7 3.3 0.4
Past history of pneumonia (%) 14 31 0.003
Supplemental Oxygen (%) 46 23.5 <0.001
Hospitalization (%) 37.1 11.2 <0.001
Admission to ICU (%) 1.5 1.1 0.59
Case fatality rate (%) 1.4 0.3 <0.001