Skip to main content

Table 2 Symptoms, signs and orphan status in HIV positive and negative subjects

From: Prevalence and clinical pattern of paediatric HIV infection at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria: a prospective cross-sectional study

  HIV Status     
  Infected
(n = 60)
Uninfected
(n = 540)
Total
N = 600
OR (95% CI) P
  No. % No. % No. %   
Symptom         
Fever 45 75.0 310 57.4 355 59.2 2.23(1.21,4.10) 0.008
Cough 39 65.0 128 23.7 167 27.8 5.98(3.39,10.53) 0.000
Fast breathing 8 1.3 82 15.2 90 15.0 0.86(0.39,1.88) 0.849
Diarrhoea 24 40.0 57 10.6 81 13.5 5.65(3.15,10.14) 0.000
Weight loss/falter 25 41.7 63 11.7 88 14.7 5.41(3.04,9.62) 0.000
Seizures 2 3.3 106 19.6 108 18.0 0.14(0.03,0.59) 0.001
Coma - - 21 3.9 21 3.5 - 0.254
Chronic diarrhoea 7 11.7 1 1.9 8 1.3 71.19(8.60,589.65) 0.000
Recurrent otorrohea 11 18.3 11 2.0 22 3.7 10.80(4.45,26.17) 0.000
Signs         
Pallor 20 33.3 150 27.8 170 28.3 1.30 (0.74,2.30) 0.368
Jaundice 2 3.3 74 13.7 76 12.7 0.22 (0.05,0.91) 0.022
Oral thrush 8 13.3 8 1.5 16 2.7 10.23 (3.69,28.4) 0.000
Lymphadenopathy 33 55.0 33 6.1 66 11.0 18.78 (10.12,34.86) 0.000
Parotid fullness 13 21.7 3 0.6 16 2.7 49.51(13.63,179.92) 0.000
Otorrhoea 7 11.7 6 1.1 13 2.2 11.76 (3.81,36.26) 0.000
Skin lesions 24 40.0 32 5.9 56 9.3 10.58 (5.65,19.83) 0.000
Hepatomegaly 43 71.7 236 43.7 279 46.5 3.26 (1.81,5.86) 0.000
Splenomegaly 19 31.7 66 12.2 85 14.2 3.33 (1.82,6.08) 0.000
  1. Persistent fever: Unexplained fever (intermittent or constant) lasting ≥ 1 month, Chronic diarrhoea: At least two loose stools per day for ≥ 30 days, Recurrent otorrhoea: ≥ 2 episodes of ear discharge from the same ear