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Table 2 Characteristics of children with diabetes

From: Posttraumatic stress symptoms in children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes

N = 42 CPTS-RI < 40 (n = 35) CPTS-RI ≥ 40 (n = 7) Statistical Analysis
Age in years, mean ± SD 13.46 ± 2.39 14.71 ± 2.06 Z = −1.279, p = 0.201*
Female (%) 17 (%48.6) 4 (%57.1) X2 = 0.171, p = 0.679**
Lives with both biological parents (%) 31 (%88.6) 6 (%85.7) X2 = 0.895, p = 0.639**
Age of mother, mean ± SD 38.69 ± 5.42 44.29 ± 9.36 Z = −1.184, p = 0.237*
Education of mother, mean ± SD 6.66 ± 3.13 5.71 ± 2.36 Z = −1.204, p = 0.229*
Age of father, mean ± SD 44.34 ± 6.58 46.14 ± 9.15 Z = −0.118, p = 0.906*
Education of father, mean ± SD 8.83 ± 3.45 7.43 ± 3.05 Z = −1.078, p = 0.281*
Average per capita income
(New Turkish Lira), mean ± SD
381.06 ± 269.49 315.83 ± 157.87 Z = −0.186, p = 0.852*
Stressful life events, mean ± SD 0.34 ± 0.59 0.29 ± 0.49 Z = −0.086, p = 0.932*
Family history of diabetes (%) 17 (%48.6) 4 (%57.1) X2 = 0.171, p = 0.679**
Family history of other chronic diseases (%) 14 (%40.0) 2 (%28.6) X2 = 0.323, p = 0.570**
Family history of mental disorders (%) 3 (%8.6) 0 (%0) X2 = 0.646, p = 0.421**
Duration of diabetes, mean ± SD 3.49 ± 2.75 5.14 ± 4.67 Z = −0.818, p = 0.414*
HbA1c (DCCT unit, %), mean ± SD 8.09 ± 1.86 6.97 ± 1.10 Z = −1.486, p = 0.137*
HbA1c (IFCC unit, mmol/mol), mean ± SD 65 ± 2.03 53 ± 1.21
Number of diabetic ketoacidosis, mean ± SD 0.46 ± 1.09 0.29 ± 0.49 Z = −1.181, p = 0.856*
Hypoglycaemic attacks for the last month, mean ± SD 7.11 ± 6.89 13.57 ± 15.34 Z = −0.678, p = 0.498*
Severe hypogycemia (%) 9 (%25.7) 3 (%42.9) X2 = 0.840, p = 0.359**
Control of blood glucose level (%)    
 Good 13 (%37.1) 3(%42.9) X2 = 1.188, p = 0.552**
 Moderate 12 (%34.3) 1(%14.2)  
 Bad 10 (%28.6) 3(42.9%)  
Functional status (%)    
 Good 15(%42.9) 4(%57.1) X2 = 0.599, p = 0.741**
 Moderate 9(%25.7) 1(%14.3)  
 Bad 11(%31.4) 2(%28.6)  
  1. *Mann–Whitney U Test, **Chi-square Test.