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Table 2 HIE staging in relation to natal factors

From: Electrocardiographic and enzymatic correlations with outcome in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

Birth Details Categories HIE Stage P
Mild (n = 13) Moderate (n = 27) Severe (n = 20)
Liquor Clear 3 (23%) 17 (63%) 10 (50%) 0.061*
Meconium 10 (77%) 10 (37%) 10 (50%)
Modes of delivery Normal 10 (77%) 19 (70.4%) 14 (70%) 0.900*
Caesarean 3 (23%) 6 (22.2%) 5 (25%)
Instrumental 0 (0%) 2 (7.4%) 1 (5%)
Details of resuscitation Initial steps 3 (23%) 13 (48%) 1 (5%) 0.009*
Bag and Mask ≠ Chest compression 10 (77%) 14 (52%) 19 (95%)
0 (0%) 0 (0%) 4≠
Apgar score-1 min 3.23 ± 0.83 3.11 ± 0.64 2.55 ± 0.6 0.007**
Apgar score-5 min 5.08 ± 0.49 4.78 ± 0.58 4.1 ± 0.79 <0.001**
Apgar score-10 min 7.46 ± 0.88 6.96 ± 0.9 5.5 ± 1.15 <0.001**
  1. ≠ In 6 neonates, bag and mask was switched over to bag and tube ventilation and 4 cases required chest compression also n = Number of cases, * Chi-square test, ** ANOVA.