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Table 2 Distribution of physicians’ agreement to some statements regarding fever management and complications in febrile children under the age of 5

From: Knowledge, attitudes and misconceptions of primary care physicians regarding fever in children: a cross sectional study

Statements Number Percent
Fever is dangerous for a child 52 65.0
A fever lower than 38°C should definitely be treated even when there are no other signs and symptoms 14 17.5
A body temperature of above 38°C must definitely be treated whatever the underlying pathology 56 70.7
Prevention of febrile convulsion is the main reason for antipyretic usage 60 75.0
Brain damage, seizures and death are complications of fever 62 77.5
Medical treatment must definitely be used in reducing fever 29 36.3
Physical methods like baths should be recommended to reduce fever 70 87.5
Cold application should be recommended to reduce fever 56 70.0
Rubbing the body with alcohol must be recommended to reduce fever 18 22.5
Sleeping febrile children must not be disturbed 8 10.0
Fever is a risk factor for brain damage 68 85.0
The risk of febrile convulsion increases when the fever increases 68 85.0
Brain damage may occur after febrile convulsion 72 90.0
Teething is a reason for fever 57 71.3
Paracetamol or ibuprofen usage should be recommended to prevent fever and local reactions associated with childhood vaccination 65 81.3
High fever may be used as an indicator of severe bacterial infection 61 76.3
Paracetamol and ibuprofen are the only antipyretic drugs recommended for use in children 53 66.3
Ibuprofen and paracetamol can be used alternatively 73 91.3
Acetylsalicylic acid should not be used in a febrile child 73 91.3
Oral administration of paracetamol is preferable to rectal administration in children 62 77.5