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Table 3 Risk factors

From: Risk factors associated with birth defects at a tertiary care center in Pakistan

  Yes No
N(%) N(%)
Maternal Folate Supplementation 214(36.5) 373(63.5)
Maternal Cigarette Smoking 106(18.1) 481(81.9)
Other Addictions (Maternal) 59(10.1) 528(89.9)
Maternal X-rays Exposure 17(2.9) 570(97.1)
Family History 114(19.4) 473(80.6)
Consanguineous Marriage 227(38.7) 360(61.3)
Trauma During Pregnancy 25(4.3) 562(95.7)
Landfills/Industries Near Residence 142(24.2) 445(75.8)