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Table 2 Laboratory data of studied subjects

From: Vitamin D status in diabetic Egyptian children and adolescents: a case–control study

  Cases Control P
  (n = 80) (n = 40)  
Serum Ca (mg/dL) 8.5 ± 1.6 10 ±1.4 <0.01a
Serum Po4 (mg/dL) 5.4 ± 1.5 3.6 ± 0.9 <0.01a
Serum Alkaline phosphatase (IU/L) 200(44–453) 189(68–451) > 0.05b
Fasting blood Glucose (mg/dL) 178(112–316) 94(80–133) <0.01b
Fasting insulin (uU/mL) 5.2 ± 1.9 6.7 ± 2.3 < 0.05a
Insulin dose (U/Kg/d) 0.9 ± 0.1 -  
HbA1c (%) 8.6 ± 1.9 -  
HOMA-IR 3.5 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.3 <0.01a
Serum 25 OH Vit D (ng/ml) 24.7 ± 5.6 26.5 ± 4.8 > 0.05a
Serum PTH (pg/ml) 57.7 ± 13.2 33.3 ± 8.3 <0.01a
  1. HbA1c: glycosylated hemoglobin; HOMA-IR: Homeostasis model for assessment of insulin resistance; Serum PTH: serum parathyroid hormone.
  2. Data are presented as mean ± SD or median (min-max).
  3. P value < 0.05 indicates a significant difference.
  4. a(Student t-test). bMannWhitney U test.