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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of the cases and controls

From: Psychotherapy versus usual care in pediatric migraine and tension-type headache: a single-blind controlled pilot study

  Cases Controls p-value
N 17 16  
AGE in years (mean ± SD) 9.18. ± 2.07 10.20 ± 2.72 0.227
SEX    
Males 9 (52.9%) 4 (25%) 0.101
Females 8 (47.1%) 12 (75%)
DIAGNOSIS    
Tension-type headache 9 (52,9%) 7 (43,8%) 0.543
Migraine without aura 8 (47.1%) 8 (50%)
Migraine with aura 0 (0%) 1 (6.3%)
Frequency of attacks    
No attacks 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0.109
<1/month 1 (5.9%) 0 (0%)
1-3 /month 3 (17.6%) 8 (50%)
≥4 month 13 (76.5) 8 (50%)
Duration of attacks    
No attacks 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0.219
<1 h 5 (29.4%) 1 (6.3%)
1-3 h 5 (29.4%) 7 (43.8%)
> 3 h 7 (41.2%) 8 (50%)
Intensity of attacks    
No attacks 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0.012
Mild 0 (0%) 5 (31.3%)
Moderate 7 (41.2%) 8 (50%)
Severe 10 (58.8%) 3 (18.8%)
CGI score    
2 4 (23.5%) 5 (31.3%) 0.053
3 8 (47.1%) 1 (6.3%)
4 5 (29.4%) 9 (56.3%)
5 0 (0%) 1 (3.3%)