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Table 1 Characteristics of patients and diagnostic evaluation at hospital admission

From: In-hospital management of children with bacterial meningitis in Italy

   Total = 85
  N % 95%CI
Age    
1-11 months 2 2.4 0.2 - 8.2
1-4 years 27 31.8 22.1 - 42.6
5-9 years 24 28.2 19.0 - 39.0
10-14 years 27 31.8 22.1 - 42.6
15-18 years 5 5.9 1.9 - 13.2
Gender    
Male 55 66.3 53.5 - 74.8
Female 28 33.7 23.1 - 44.0
Decision to seek hospital care    
Parents 10 11.8 5.8 - 20.6
Transfer from other hospital 34 40.0 29.5 - 51.2
Primare care physician 41 48.3 37.3 - 59.3
Diagnostic evaluation    
Lumbar puncture at hospital admission 80 91.7 86.8 - 98.1
CSF culture 83 97.7 91.8 - 99.7
CSF antigens 56 65.9 54.8 - 75.8
CSF PCR 34 40.0 29.5 - 51.2
Blood culture 78 91.8 83.8 - 96.6
Blood PCR 28 32.9 23.1 - 44.0
Known causative agent 56 65.9 54.8 - 75.8
In vitro susceptibility testing available < days since admission (excluding unknown agent) 42 75.0 38.4 - 60.5
  1. 95% CI: 95% confidence interval; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; PCR: polymerase chain reaction.