Skip to main content

Table 1 Represents the antepartum risk factors of birth asphyxia in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan 2013

From: “Risk factors of birth asphyxia”

Serial no Category   Cases N = 123 Control N = 117 CI/95% P-value OR
1 Age of mother <20 years 17 (13.8%) 21 (17.9%) Reference 0.06 3.33
20-25 years 76 (61.8%) 59 (50.4%) 0.07-1.21 0.09 0.30
25-30 years 27 (22.0%) 27 (23.1%) 0.15-1.51 0.30 0.14
30-35 years 3 (2.4%) 10 (8.5%) 0.67-0.95 0.04 0.25
2 Was mother a booked case? Yes 58(37.9%) 95 (62.1%) 0.11-0.37 <0.01 0.20
No 65(74.7%) 22 (25.3%)    
3 Did the mother suffer from any of these conditions during pregnancy?       
  a) Maternal hypertension Yes 14 (11.4%) 10 (8.5%) 0.58-3.52 0.46 1.37
No 109 (88.6%) 107 (91.5%)    
  b) Gestational diabetes Yes 8 (6.5%) 2 (1.7%) 0.831 0.06 4.00
No 115 (93.5%) 115 (98.3%) 19.24   
  c) Anemia Yes 59 (48%) 44 (37.6% 0.91-2.55 0.10 1.52
No 64 (52%) 73 (62.4%)    
  d) ante partum hemorrhage Yes 4 (3.3%) 1 (0.9%) 0.42-35.40 0.19 3.89
No 119 (96.7%)) 116 (99.1%)    
  Pre-eclampsia Yes 7 (5.7%) 0 0.90-0.98 <0.01 0.94
No 116 (94.3%) 116    
  f) Diabetes mellitus Yes 5 (4.1%) 5 (4.3%) 0.268-3.367 0.936 0.94
No 118 (95.9%) 112 (95.7%)    
  g) Placenta pravia Yes 6 (4.9%) 1 (0.9%) 0.705-50.184 0.064 5.94
No 117 (95.1%) 116 (99.1%)    
  1. Threshold of significance is <0.05.
  2. All significant values were in bold letters.
\