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Table 2 Represents the antepartum risk factors of birth asphyxia in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan 2013

From: “Risk factors of birth asphyxia”

Serial no Category   Cases N = 123 Control N = 117 CI/95% P-value OR
4 Was the mother treated with any of the drugs given below       
  a) Glucocorticoid Yes 3 (2.4%) 0 0.94-1.00 0.08 0.97
No 120 (97.6%) 117    
  b) Diuretics Yes 11 (8.9%) 0 0.86-0.96 <0.01 0.91
No 112 (91.1%) 117    
  c) Antimetabolites Yes 1 (0.8%) 0 0.97-1.00 0.32 0.99
No 122 (99.2%) 117    
  d) Ethyl alcohol Yes 2 (1.6%) 0 0.96-1.00 0.98 0.16
No 121 (98.4%) 117    
  e) Adrenergic drugs Yes 13 (10.6%) 0 0.84-0.95 <0.01 0.89
No 110 (89.4%) 117    
5 Is the mother Primigravida 70 (56.9%) 39 (33.3%) 1.56-4.46 <0.01 2.64
Multigravida 53 (43.1%) 78 (66.7%)    
6 Difference between previous baby and current baby in Multigravida 1-3 years 40 (93%) 65 (97%) 0.06-2.56 0.32 0.41
3-6 years 3 (7.0%) 2 (3%)    
7 Socioeconomic status High class 1 (0.8%) 1 (0.9%) 0.07-20.23 0.88 1.24
High middle class 7 (5.7%) 9 (7.7%) 0.55-4.58 0.38 1.59
Low middle class 53 (43.1%) 57 (48.7%) 0.78-2.26 0.28 1.33
Low class 62 (50.4%) 50 (42.7%) Reference 0.25 1.80
8 History of abortion One abortion 17 (13.8%) 18 (15.4%) 0.67-2.61 0.51 1.27
Two abortion 4 (3.3%) 11 (9.4%) 1.01-10.74 0.47 3.30
Three abortion 0 2 (1.7%) N/A   
Four abortion 0 1 (0.9%) N/A   
No abortion 102 (82.9%) 75 (82.6%)   0.21 0.83
  1. Threshold of significance is 0.05.
  2. All significant values were in bold letters.
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