Skip to main content

Table 3 Represents intrapartum risk factors of birth asphyxia in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan 2013

From: “Risk factors of birth asphyxia”

Serial no Category   Cases N = 123 Control N = 117 CI/95% P-value OR
1 Presentation of fetus Cephalic 8 (6.50%) 20 (17.09%) 1.25-7.02 0.01 2.96
Breech 115 (93.5%) 97 (82.905%)    
2 Mode of delivery Normal vaginal delivery 77 (62.6%) 68 (58.1%) Reference 0.45 0.83
Delivered by cesarean section before labour (elective) 10 (8.1%) 7 (6.0%) 0.28-2.19 0.65 0.79
Cesarean section during labour (emergency) 10 (8.1%) 26 (22.2%) 1.32-6.54 <0.01 2.94
Operated vaginal delivery 26 (21.1%) 16 (13.7%) 0.34-1.46 0.31 0.69
3 If there was assisted vaginal delivery, was that a Ventouse delivery 4 (33.3%) 1 (14.3%) 0.26-34.19 0.36 3.00
  8 (66.7%) 6 (85.7%)    
Forceps delivery      
4 If cesarean, anesthesia received by mother during c-section was General anesthesia 9 (19.6%) 4 (8.2%) 0.78-9.60 0.10 2.73
   Spinal anesthesia 37 (80.4%) 45 (91.8%)    
5 Is there any history of prolonged labor? Yes 30 (24.4%) 11 (9.4%) 1.47-6.54 <0.01 3.09
No 93 (75.6%) 106 (90.6%)    
6 Place of delivery Home and private clinics hospitals 27 (22.0%) 2 (1.7%) 3.74-69.75 <0.01 16.16
  96 (78.0%) 115 (98.3%)    
7 Delivery conducted by whom? Doctor 102 (82.9%) 113 (96.6%) 0.05-0.51 <0.01 0.17
Midwife (dai) 21 (17.1%) 4 (3.4%)    
8 Referred from Emergency 4 (3.3%) 13 (11.1%) 0.58-13.30 0.19 2.78
   Ward 113 (91.9%) 97 (82.9%) 0.23-2.26 0.59 0.79
   Other private and government hospital 6 (4.9%) 7 (6.0%) Reference 0.78 1.17
  1. Threshold of significance is 0.05.
  2. All significant values were in bold letters.
\