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Table 4 Represents intrapartum risk factors of birth asphyxia in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan 2013

From: “Risk factors of birth asphyxia”

Serial no Category   Cases N = 123 Control N = 117 CI/95% P-value OR
9 Did the mother suffer any of the conditions during labor/pregnancy?       
  a) Prolapsed umbilical cord Yes 10 (8.1%) 3 (2.6%) 0.90-12.54 0.05 3.36
No 113 (91.9%) 114 (97.4%)    
  b) Cephalopelvic disproportion Yes 19 (15.4%) 5 (4.3%) 1.47-11.53 <0.01 4.09
No 104 (84.6%) 112 (95.7%)    
  c) Maternal hypotension Yes 6 (4.9%) 4 (3.4%) 0.39-5.27 0.57 1.44
No 117 (95.1%) 113 (96.6%)    
  d) Spontaneous premature rupture of membranes (PROM) Yes 41 (33.3%) 6 (5.1%) 3.75-22.81   
No 82 (66.7%) 111(94.9%)   <0.01 9.25
  e) Artificial premature rupture of membranes (PROM) Yes 2 (1.6%) 1 (0.9%) 0.17-21.43   
No 121 (98.4%) 116 (99.1%)   0.59 1.91
  f) Fever Yes 38 (30.9%) 5 (4.3%) 3.78-26.52 <0.0 10.0
   112   1 1
No 85 (69.1%) (95.7%)    
  g) Was the mother given any sedative or analgesic drugs intravenously within 1 hour of delivery or intramuscularly within 2 hours of delivery? Yes 34 (27.9%) 60 (51.3%) 0.21-0.62   
No 88 (72.1%) .57 (81.7)   <0.01 0.36
  1. Threshold of significance is 0.05.
  2. All significant values were in bold letters.