Skip to main content

Table 6 Represent fetal risk factors of birth asphyxia in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan 2013

From: “Risk factors of birth asphyxia”

Serial no Category   Cases N = 123 Control N = 117 CI/95% P-value OR
2 Was the child resuscitated? Yes 82 (66.7%) 1 (0.9%) 116 31.27-1720.74 <0.01 232.00
No 41 (33.3%) (99.1%)    
3 If yes, then how was the newborn resuscitated Suction 23 (28.4%) 0 N/A   
Facial oxygen 28 (34.6%) 1 (100%) N/A   
Bag + mask IPPV 20 (24.7%) 0 N/A   
ET intubation IPPV 6 (7.4%) 0 N/A   
Medications 4 (4.9%) 0 N/A   
Vascular resuscitation    N/A   
4 Did the neonate suffer any of the conditions given below? Cord strangulation around neck 18 (14.63%) 0 N/A   
   Significant fetal distress 37 (30.08%) 2 (1.70%) 0.00-0.11 <0.01 0.01
None 68 (55.28%) 115 (98.29%) Reference <0.01 1.69
5 Gestational age of the baby at birth Pre-term 66 (53.7%) 32 (27.4%) 0.19-0.58 <0.01 0.34
Term 54 (43.9%) 77 (65.8%) reference 0.04 1.42
Post-term 3 (2.4%) 8 (6.8%) 0.47-7.37 0.37 1.87
6 Did the baby cry? Yes 61 (49.6%) 113 (96.6%) 0.01-0.10 <0.01 0.03
No 62 (51.4%) 4 (3.4%)    
7 Baby weight 1-2 kg 47 (38.2%) 7 (6%) 0.05-0.32 <0.01 0.13
2-2.5 kg 25 (20.3%) 52 (44.4%) 0.94-0.34 0.05 1.84
2.5-3.5 kg 49 (39.8% 57 (48.7% reference 0.54 1.12
>3.5 kg 2 (1.6%) 1 (0.9%) 0.28-4.37 0.88 1.10
  1. Threshold of significance is <0.05.
  2. All significant values were in bold letters.
\