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Table 3 Characteristics of students according to nutritional status

From: Childhood overweight and obesity in a region of Italian immigration in Southern Brazil: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Nutritional status P
Reference* Overweight Obesity
n % n % n %
Gender
  Male 175 71.4 40 16.3 30 12.2 0.013
  Female 270 78.3 56 16.2 19 5.5
Age (years)
  9 to 13 340 74.1 80 17.4 39 8.5 0.318
  14 to 18 105 80.2 16 12.2 10 7.6
Breakfast consumption 336 78.9 59 13.8 31 7.3 0.007
Physical activity < 3 times per week 222 72.5 55 18.0 29 9.5 0.246
Elevated blood pressure
  Absent 411 79.2 74 14.3 34 6.6 <0.001
  Present 30 46.2 20 30.8 15 23.1
  1. p = minimal significance level of the chi-square test; *Low and normal weight; Adjusted residual analysis: p < 0.05.