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Table 1 Antibiotics prescribed before and after the guidelines were published

From: The impact of the Italian guidelines on antibiotic prescription practices for acute otitis media in a paediatric emergency setting

  Before the guidelines were introduced (n = 2,692) After the guidelines were introduced (n = 1,867) Total (n = 4,559)
Period 2007- 2010 2011-2013  
Antibiotics prescribed, n (%) 2,201 (82%) 1,507 (81%) 3,708 (81%)
 Amoxicillin, n (%) 716 (33%) 479 (32%) 1,195 (32%)
 Amoxicillin–clavulanate, n (%) 1,131 (51%) 755 (50%) 1,886 (51%)
 Cefuroxime axetil, n (%) 235 (10%) 159 (11%) 394 (11%)
 Macrolides, n (%) 48 (2%) 39 (3%) 87 (2%)
Antibiotics prescribed in the various age classes    
 <=2, n (%) 1,135 (86%) 731 (84%) 2,184 (48%)
 2-6, n (%) 790 (77%) 540 (78%) 1,715 (38%)
 > = 6, n (%) 276 (78%) 236 (77%) 660 (14%)