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Table 2 Outcomes for lung function parameters (data reported for six of seven studies)

From: Efficacy of acupuncture in children with asthma: a systematic review

Author (year) Intervention FEV1 FVC PEF MEF
Mean ± SD, or % Mean ± SD, or % Mean ± SD, or % Mean ± SD, or %
Before After Change Before After Change Before After Change Before After Change
Scheewe et al. (2011) [16] Acupuncture FEV1/FVC FEV1/FVC PEF variability 16.1 % ± 8.3 % PEF variability 12.5 % ± 5.5 % * MEF50 88.5 % ± 26.8 % MEF50 89.2 % ± 26.1 %
84.6 ± 9.0 85.4 ± 8.6
No acupuncture FEV1/FVC FEV1/FVC PEF variability 20.4 % ± 9.4 % PEF variability 16.9 % ± 8.8 % MEF50 86.8 % ± 27.9 % MEF50 86.2 % ± 23.1 %
84.6 ± 10.1 84.9 ± 8.3
Nedeljković et al. (2008) [17]† Su Jok therapy (laser) 51 % 84 % * 62 % 90 % * 65 % 96 % *
No acupuncture 58 % 74 % 70 % 86 % 64 % 78 %
Stockert et al. (2007) [18] Laser acupuncture 81.8 % ± 8.1 % 86.3 % ± 5.7 % PEF variability 25.2 % ± 16.2 % PEF variability 7.9 % ± 2.9 % *
Placebo acupuncture 81.5 % ± 8.0 % 88.6 % ± 8.5 % PEF variability 15.5 % ± 1.8 % PEF variability 17.8 % ± 23.9 %
Gruber et al. (2002) [19]‡ Laser acupuncture 98.5 % ± 9.8 % 84.2 % ± 15.3 % 14.9 % ± 14.1 %§ MEF25 78.6 % ± 23.1 % MEF25 56.3 % ± 24.5 % MEF25 29.7 % ± 23.2 % §
Placebo acupuncture 97.8 % ± 11.0 % 86.2 % ± 12.6 % 12.4 % ± 10.2 %§ MEF25 78.4 % ± 26.1 % MEF25 57.3 % ± 23.1 % MEF25 28.9 % ± 21.3 % §
Fung et al. (1986) [20] Acupuncture 23.78 % ± 19.46 % *¶ 15.80 % ± 20.71 % ¶ 25.90 ± 20.76 % *¶
Placebo acupuncture 32.63 % ± 19.99 % *¶ 26.13 % ± 17.76 % ¶ 34.34 ± 18.97 % *¶
No acupuncture 44.38 % ± 16.88 % ¶ 33.25 % ± 21.37 % ¶ 49.54 % ± 17.25 % ¶
Chow et al. (1983) [21] Acupuncture 1.53 L (SEM: 0.09 L) 1.14 L (SEM: 0.12 L) 27.5 % (SEM: 5.36 % ¶)
Placebo acupuncture 1.50 L (SEM: 0.07 L) 1.02 L (SEM: 0.10 L) 31.9 % (SEM: 7.98 % ¶)
No acupuncture 1.55 L (SEM: 0.07 L) 0.92 L (SEM: 0.07 L) 40.2 % (SEM: 10.0 % ¶)
  1. *,Significant difference between groups
  2. †, Data from this study are estimated from graphically presented values
  3. ‡, Data from this study are presented as % predicted values
  4. §, Percent fall postacupuncture to 15 min after cold dry air challenge
  5. ¶, Attenuation of exercise-induced asthma as measured by percent fall in FEV1, FVC, or PEF
  6. –, Not reported
  7. FEV1, forced exhaled volume in 1 s; FVC, forced vital capacity; MEF, maximum expiratory flow (at 50 % or 25 % of the FVC); PEF, peak expiratory flow; SD, standard deviation