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Table 3 Outcomes for medication use, symptoms, and quality of life (data reported for three of seven studies)

From: Efficacy of acupuncture in children with asthma: a systematic review

Author (year) Intervention Medication use Symptoms Quality of life  
Mean ± SD
Before After Follow-up Before After Follow-up Before After Follow-up Scale used
Karlson and Bennicke (2013) [15] Acupuncture β-mimetics (puffs/24 h) 2.2 ± 2.1 β-mimetics (puffs/24 h) 0.7 ± 1.1 β-mimetics (puffs/24 h) 0.4 ± 1.0 *Significant reduction in symptoms between groups at 3 months; however, no significant difference at 12 months
IHS (μg/day)537 ± 260 IHS (μg/day) 126 ± 209*
No acupuncture β-mimetics (puffs/24 h) 2.8 ± 4.2 β-mimetics (puffs/24 h) 0.9 ± 1.3 β-mimetics (puffs/24 h) 0.5 ± 1.0
IHS (μg/day) 477 ± 271 IHS (μg/day) 342 ± 287
Scheewe et al. (2011) [16] Acupuncture Controller (frequency/ day) 1 use: 23 Controller (frequency/ day) 1 use: 9 Controller (frequency/ day) 1 use: 4 (Per day) Morning: 18 Day: 19 (Per day) Morning: 13 Day: 13 (Per day) Morning: 18 Day: 18 Overall: 3.8 ± 0.7 Overall: 4.3 ± 0.5 Overall: 4.2 ± 0.6 PAQLQ
Activity: 3.2 ± 0.9 Activity: 4.0 ± 0.8 Activity: 3.9 ± 1.0
Symptom: 3.5 ± 0.9 Symptom: 4.2 ± 0.7 Symptom: 3.9 ± 0.9
2 uses: 18 2 uses: 25 2 uses: 36 Night: 10 Night: 7 Night: 9 Emotion: 3.8 ± 1.0 Emotion: 4.5 ± 0.6 Emotion: 4.3 ± 0.9
Trait: 32.4 ± 5.8 Trait: 32.5 ± 8.2 Trait: 29.1 ± 7.3 STAIC
State: 41.5 ± 8.1 State: 38.4 ± 8.7* State: 37.6 ± 8.2
No acupuncture Controller (frequency/day) 1 use: 30 Controller (frequency/ day) 1 use: 9 Controller (frequency/ day) 1 use: 6 (Per day) Morning: 13 Day: 11 (Per day) Morning: 11 Day: 14 (Per day) Morning: 18 Day: 15 Overall: 3.4 ± 0.8 Overall: 4.1 ± 0.6 Overall: 3.9 ± 0.9 PAQLQ
Activity: 3.2 ± 0.8 Activity: 4.2 ± 0.7 Activity: 4.0 ± 0.7
Symptom: 3.7 ± 0.8 Symptom: 4.2 ± 0.6 Symptom: 4.1 ± 0.8
2 uses: 13 2 uses: 26 2 uses: 34 Night: 4 Night: 4 Night: 9 Emotion: 4.0 ± 0.9 Emotion: 4.5 ± 0.6 Emotion: 4.3 ± 0.7
Trait: 36.4 ± 8.9 Trait: 33.6 ± 10.0 Trait: 30.4 ± 9.5 STAIC
State: 45.2 ± 8.8 State: 44.4 ± 9.2 State: 42.5 ± 10.3
Stockert et al. (2007) [18] Laser acupuncture β-mimetics (puffs/week) β-mimetics (puffs/week) 62.1 ± 20 54.9 ± 25.4 49.3 ± 23.8 ACQ
8.7 ± 15.4 9.1 ± 15.4
Placebo acupuncture β-mimetics (puffs/week) β-mimetics (puffs/week) 47.8 ± 9.5 34.6 ± 16.6 38.7 ± 17.1
3.1 ± 6.2 3.7 ± 6.7
  1. *,Significant difference between groups
  2. –, Not reported
  3. IHS, inhaled steroids; PAQLQ, Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire; STAIC, State-trait anxiety inventory for children; ACQ, Asthma Control Questionnaire