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Table 2 Distribution of the parameters for macro area, Italy and p value

From: Pediatric emergency room activities in Italy: a national survey

  Parameters North Center South Italy P value*
1 Coverage h24 90 % (105/117) 79 % (38/48) 77 % (56/72) 84 % (196/237) 0,0245c
2 Coverage h12 10 % (12/117) 21 % (10/48) 23 % (16/72) 16 % (41/237) 0,0245c
3 On call availability service 68 % (79/117) 77 % (37/48) 85 % (61/72) 75 % (177/237) 0,0088c
4 Pediatrician dedicated to E.R. h24 56 % (51/93) 47 % (17/36) 39 % (21/54) 48 % (89/183)  
5 Pediatrican dedicated to E.R. h12 12 % (11/93) 3 % (1/36) 4 % (2/54) 8 % (14/183)  
6 No pediatrician dedicated to E.R. 33 % (31/93) 50 % (18/36) 57 % (31/54) 44 % (80/183) 0,0044c
7 Direct access of all children to E.R. pediatrician 47 % (44/93) 39 % (14/36) 44 % (24/54) 45 % (82/183)  
8 Direct access to E.R. pediatrician except agreed diseases 30 % (28/93) 8 % (3/36) 6 % (3/54) 18 % (34/183) 0,010a
0,00044c
9 Access to pediatrician only on request from E.R. physician 23 % (21/93) 53 % (19/36) 50 % (27/54) 37 % (67/183) 0,0010a
0,0010c
10 E.R. triage 86 % (80/93) 83 % (30/36) 39 % (21/54) 72 % (131/183) 0,0010b
0,0010c
11 Age limit for admission 14 years 52 % (48/93) 53 % (19/36) 80 % (43/54) 60 % (110/183) 0,007b
0,0010c
11b Age limit for admission 15 years 4 % (4/93) 0 % (0/36) 4 % (2/54) 3 % (6/183)  
12 Age limit for admission 16 years 9 % (8/93) 17 % (6/36) 9 % (5/54) 10 % (19/183)  
13 Age limit for admission 17 years 35 % (33/93) 30 % (11/36) 7 % (4/54) 26 % (48/183) 0,004b
0,0010c
14 Presence of S.S.O. 80 % (74/93) 67 % (24/36) 43 % (23/54) 66 % (121/183) 0,025b
0,0010c
15 S.S.O. fixed reimbursement 57 % (42/74) 67 % (16/24) 40 % (9/23) 55 % (67/121)  
16 S.S.O. reimbursement linked to health services provided 32 % (24/74) 21 % (5/24) 30 % (7/23) 32 % (36/121)  
17 S.S.O. reimbursement linked to disease type 11 % (8/74) 12 % (3/24) 30 % (7/23) 15 % (18/121) 0,02c
18 Length of S.S.O. less than 24 h 55 % (41/74) 58 % (14/24) 83 % (19/23) 61 % (74/121) 0,019c
19 Length of S.S.O. less than 48 h 45 % (33/74) 42 % (10/24) 17 % (4/23) 39 % (47/121) 0.019c
  1. *P value for differences between north and center (a), center and south (b), north and south (c). Only significative P are recorded (p < 0,05)