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Table 1 Characteristics and clinical diagnoses of bacteremic and non-bacteremic cases

From: The burden of bacteremia and invasive diseases in children aged less than five years with fever in Italy

  Bacteremic (N = 34) Non-bacteremic (N = 886) All cases (N = 920)
Age    
  < 1 year 9 (26.5 %) 242 (27.3 %) 251 (27.3 %)
 1 year 7 (20.6 %) 273 (30.8 %) 280 (30.4 %)
 2 years 8 (23.5 %) 159 (17.9 %) 167 (18.2 %)
 3 years 7 (20.6 %) 131 (14.8 %) 138 (15.0 %)
 4 years 3 (8.8 %) 81 (9.1 %) 84 (9.1 %)
Prior antibiotic treatment    
 No 17 (50.0 %) 481 (54.3 %) 498 (54.1 %)
 Yes 16 (47.1 %) 373 (42.1 %) 389 (42.3 %)
 Unknown 1 (2.9 %) 32 (3.6 %) 33 (3.6 %)
Prior antipyretic treatment    
 No 4 (11.8 %) 79 (8.9 %) 83 (9.0 %)
 Yes 30 (88.2 %) 782 (88.3 %) 812 (88.3 %)
 Unknown 0 25 (2.8 %) 25 (2.7 %)
Temperature at enrolment (axillary)    
  < 39 °C 18 (52.9 %) 452 (51.0 %) 470 (51.1 %)
 39–39.4 °C 10 (29.4 %) 239 (27.0 %) 249 (27.1 %)
 39.5–39.9 °C 6 (17.6 %) 130 (14.7 %) 136 (14.8 %)
  ≥ 40 °C 0 63 (7.1 %) 63 (6.8 %)
 Missing 0 2 (0.2 %) 2 (0.2 %)
Clinical diagnosis of invasive diseasea    
 Community-acquired pneumonia 15 (44.1 %) 199 (22.5 %) 214 (23.3 %)
 Pleural effusion 4 (11.8 %) 4 (0.5 %) 8 (0.9 %)
 Meningitis 4 (11.8 %) 2 (0.2 %) 6 (0.7 %)
 Sepsis 2 (5.9 %) 36 (4.1 %) 38 (4.1 %)
Clinical diagnosis of non-invasive diseasea    
 Cellulites 1 (2.9 %) 5 (0.6 %) 6 (0.7 %)
 Lymphoadenitis 0 12 (1.4 %) 12 (1.3 %)
 Otitis media 3 (8.8 %) 38 (4.3 %) 41 (4.5 %)
 Pharyngitis 0 27 (3.0 %) 27 (2.9 %)
 Genitourinary infection 1 (2.9 %) 45 (5.1 %) 46 (5.0 %)
 Other infection 5 (14.7 %) 500 (56.4 %) 505 (54.9 %)
  1. aCases could have more than one primary and/or secondary diagnosis