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Table 1 Possible comorbidities between migraine and stroke

From: Stroke and migraine is there a possible comorbidity?

Type Definition
Migraine as a risk factor for stroke A clearly clinically defined stroke syndrome must occur remotely in time from a typical attack of migraine
Migraine caused by stroke (symptomatic migraine) An acute vascular event in the central nervous system (ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke or TIA) produces episodes of headache with the characteristics of migraine with or without aura; to be coded as ICHD-II 6.1
Migraine as a caused of stroke (migrainous infarction) A documented infarct in a relevant area during the course of an attack of migraine with aura, in a patient with a history of migraine with aura, with symptoms that are those of the aura and in the absence of other possible causes at an extensive workup; to be coded as ICHD-II 1.54
Migraine and stroke sharing a common cause A syndrome (usually of genetic origin) in which both migraine and stroke are major clinical features (e.g. CADASIL [ICHID-II 6.7.1] or [ICHD-II] 6.7.2)
Migraine associated with subclinical stroke Evidence at brain neuroimaging of small areas compatible with brain ischemia in patients without a history of any clinical symptom indicating a stroke syndrome
Migraine mimicking stroke (and vice versa: stroke mimicking migraine) Symptoms of migraine attacks (particularly aura without headache) and of stroke (particularly TIAs) may overlap causing problems in the differential diagnosis
  1. TIA transient ischemic attacks, ICHD-II International Classification of Headache Disorders, Second Edition, CADASIL Celebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with subcortical Infarcts and Leucoencephalopathy; MELAS Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis and Stroke like episodes