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Table 4 Functional symptoms according to specific cranial nerve involvement

From: Moebius syndrome: clinical features, diagnosis, management and early intervention

Area Feeding and oral area Percentage Language and hearing Percentage Vision/visual Percentage
Cranial nerve involvement V, VII, IX, XI, XII   VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII   III, IV, VI, VII  
Functional Deficit Poor neonatal sucking and swallowing 37,8 Hearing loss 6,8 Ocular motor deficit 89,8
Need for nasogastric tubes and gastrostomy 5,5 Language delay 31 Visual deficit 19,3
Nutritional problems 16 Speech deficit 42 Photophobia 15
Dental problems 17     
Palatal problems and micrognathia 7,4