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Table 1 Characteristics of the children with sickle cell anaemia studied

From: Wasting and stunting are still prevalent in children with sickle cell anaemia in Lagos, Nigeria

  n = 233
Socio-demographic  
Male, n % 142 (60.9)
Age, mean (SD), years 9.0 (4.0)
Adolescents (10-17 years), n % 98 (42.1)
Socio-economic class of family  
 High, n (%) 3 (1.3)
 Middle, n (%) 138 (59.2)
 Low, n (%) 92 (39.5)
Severity of sickle cell anaemia  
SCD diagnosis at or before age 12 months, n % 101 (43.3)
Previous year hospitalisation  
 0 155 (66.5)
 1 55 (23.6)
 2 12 (5.2)
 >2 11 (4.7)
Severe bone pain previous yeara  
 0 179 (76.8)
 1 39 (16.7)
 2 8 (3.4)
 >2 7 (3.0)
Blood transfusion ever, n (%) 118 (50.6)
Blood transfusion previous year, n (%) 41 (17.6)
Acute chest syndrome, n (%) 33 (14.2)
Hip avascular necrosis, n (%) 6 (2.6)
Leg ulcers, n (%) 6 (2.6)
Stroke, n (%) 5 (2.1)
Priapism, n (%) 14 (9.9)b
Haemoglobin level, mean (SD), g/dL 8.4 (1.2)
Foetal haemoglobin, median (range), % 8.0 (1.0-28.6)
Interventions (current receipt)  
Chronic transfusion, n (%) 9 (3.9)c
Hydroxyurea, n (%) 59 (25.3)
Daily oral penicillin, n (%) 52 (22.3)
Anthropometry  
Weight, kg 25.8 (10.3)
Height, m 1.28 (0.21)
Body mass index, kg/m2 14.8 (2.07)
Height for age z score −0.59 (1.32)
Body mass index z score −1.13 (1.30)
  1. asevere bone pain crisis was one requiring hospitalisation for more than 24 hours
  2. bpercentage of only male children; cthese children last received blood transfusion at least 3 months before study participation; these children were also taking hydroxyurea