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Table 2 Characteristics of study population according to asthma status

From: Shared genetic variants between serum levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and wheezing in a cohort of children from Cyprus

  NWNA (Controls) CUWH (Current Wheezers) p-valuec ACAS (Active Asthmatics) p-valued
(n = 671) (n = 190) (n = 69)
Age (yrs)a 16.95 (15.91–18.00) 17.00 (16.00–18.11) 0.309 16.91 (15.91–18.07) 0.567
Sex (% female)b 57.4 % 56.9 % 0.914 56.5 % 0.894
BMI z scoresa 0.358 ( −2.13–2.16) 0.288 ( −1.73–2.20) 0.396 0.340 ( −1.87–2.37) 0.896
HDL (mg/dl)a 53.4 (30.00–86.50) 49.1 (30.00–71.55) <0.001 47.9 (31.73–73.75) <0.001
Atopic Sensitization (% positive)b - 41.4 % - 52.0 % 0.073e
FEV1 (% predicted)a - 99.1 (72.9–130.5) - 97.6 (62.0–125.6) 0.332e
Exercise Induced Wheezing (% positive)b - 67.6 % - 83.6 % <0.001e
Hospitalization (% positive)b - 9.0 % - 18.8 % 0.003e
  1. aMean and 95 % CI, Independent sample t test for equality of means (2-sited significance)
  2. bPercentage, χ 2 test (asymptomatic 2-sited significance)
  3. cComparison between NWNA and CUWH
  4. dComparison between NWNA and ACAS
  5. eComparison between CUWH and ACAS