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Table 2 Causes of neonatal hypertension

From: Novelty in hypertension in children and adolescents: focus on hypertension during the first year of life, use and interpretation of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, role of physical activity in prevention and treatment, simple carbohydrates and uric acid as risk factors

Renovascular
 Renal artery stenosis
 Renal artery thrombosis
 Renal venous thrombosis
Renal parenchymal disease/obstructive uropathy
 Polycystic kidney disease
 Acute tubular necrosis
 Nephrocalcinosis
 Severe vesicoureteral reflux
 Stenosis of ureteropelvic junction
 Posterior urethral valve
 Ureterocele
 Other causes of acute and chronic renal insufficiency
Cardiac
 Aortic coarctation
 Aortic arch reconstruction
 Patent ductus arteriosus
Endocrine
 Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (17 alpha or 11 beta hydroxylase deficiency)
 Hyperthyroidism
 Hyperaldosteronism
 Hypercalcemia
Neurologic
 Intracranial hypertension
 Seizures
 Intraventricular hemorrhage
 Abstinence syndrome from opioid withdrawal
 Pain
Neoplasia
 Neuroblastoma
 Wilms tumor
 Pheochromocytoma
Closure of abdominal wall defect
 Gastroschisis
 Giant omphalocele
Iatrogenic
 Dexamethasone and other corticosteroids
 Methylxanthines (caffeine, theophylline)
 Vasoactive amines (dopamine, adrenaline)
 Bronchodilators
 Phenylephrine
 Parenteral nutrition (volume overload, sodium, calcium)
 Extracorporeal respiratory assistance
Malformation syndromes
 DiGeorge
 Potter
 Congenital Rubella
 CHARGE
 VACTERL