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Table 2 Causes of neonatal hypertension

From: Novelty in hypertension in children and adolescents: focus on hypertension during the first year of life, use and interpretation of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, role of physical activity in prevention and treatment, simple carbohydrates and uric acid as risk factors

 Renal artery stenosis
 Renal artery thrombosis
 Renal venous thrombosis
Renal parenchymal disease/obstructive uropathy
 Polycystic kidney disease
 Acute tubular necrosis
 Severe vesicoureteral reflux
 Stenosis of ureteropelvic junction
 Posterior urethral valve
 Other causes of acute and chronic renal insufficiency
 Aortic coarctation
 Aortic arch reconstruction
 Patent ductus arteriosus
 Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (17 alpha or 11 beta hydroxylase deficiency)
 Intracranial hypertension
 Intraventricular hemorrhage
 Abstinence syndrome from opioid withdrawal
 Wilms tumor
Closure of abdominal wall defect
 Giant omphalocele
 Dexamethasone and other corticosteroids
 Methylxanthines (caffeine, theophylline)
 Vasoactive amines (dopamine, adrenaline)
 Parenteral nutrition (volume overload, sodium, calcium)
 Extracorporeal respiratory assistance
Malformation syndromes
 Congenital Rubella