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Table 3 Guiding criteria for the diagnosis of neonatal hypertension

From: Novelty in hypertension in children and adolescents: focus on hypertension during the first year of life, use and interpretation of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, role of physical activity in prevention and treatment, simple carbohydrates and uric acid as risk factors

The most frequent prenatal causes of neonatal hypertension are:
1. repeated use of steroids by mother
2. maternal diabetes mellitus
3. maternal hypertension
The most frequent postnatal causes of neonatal hypertensione are:
1. thromboembolism associated with the placement of an umbilical cathether, involving an acute risk presumably due to endothelial damage and a chronic risk related to the time the cathether stays in place
2. renal parenchymal disease, both congenital (eg. polycystic kidney disease) and acquired
3. bronchopulmonary dysplasia (CLD)