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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients with T1DM and healthy control subjects

From: No effect of yeast-like fungi on lipid metabolism and vascular endothelial growth factor level in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

  Patients with T1DM
n = 45
Healthy control subjects
n = 27
p-value
Age (years) 9.2 +/− 3.6 9.8 +/− 4.5 p = 0.65
Duration of diabetes (years) 5.0+/− 3.0 ----- ------
HbA1c % 7.7 ± 1.24 4.2 ± 0.7 P = 0.005*
BMI (kg/m2) 21.3 ± 1.9 20.2 ± 1.4 P = 0.59
Albumin excretion rate (mg/24 h) 13.2 ± 7.4 3.75 ± 0.85 p = 0.007*
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 176.53 ± 26.9 174.3 ± 32.7 p = 0.089
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 103.8 ± 22.07 95.0 ± 30.6 p = 0.214
HDL-cholesterol (mgl/dl) 54.28 ± 11.38 58.6 ± 13.1 p = 0.098
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 113.0 ± 10.0 110.0 ± 9.0 p = 0.64
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 70.0 ± 9.0 67.0 ± 8.0 p = 0.58
VEGF (pg/ml) 324.54 ± 185.61 120.45 ± 38.50 p = 0.001*
  1. The results are presented as ± SD, significance (p <0.05)
  2. Abbreviations: T1DM diabetes mellitus type 1, BMI body mass index, LDL Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
  3. *Patients with T1DM vs healthy control subjects