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Table 3 Clinical characteristics of T1DM patients according to the amount of yeast-like fungi colonizing the digestive tract

From: No effect of yeast-like fungi on lipid metabolism and vascular endothelial growth factor level in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Yeast–like fungi HbA1c % Total cholesterol (mg/dl) LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) VEGF (pg/ml)
10^3 CFU/g
n = 19
7.1 ± 0.8 172.81 ± 29.33 101.87 ± 23.65 59.4 ± 8.3 327.03 ± 179.9
10^6 CFU/g
n = 26
7.4 ± 1.9 183.52 ± 20.89 107.41 ± 18.89 51.6 ± 12.4 370.37 ± 194.84
p-value 0.01* 0.14 0.23 0.41 0.32
  1. The results are presented as ± SD, significance (p < 0.05)
  2. Abbreviations: VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor, LDL Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  3. *Patients with T1DM and yeast-like fungi 10^3 CFU/g vs 10^6 CFU/g