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Table 3 Factors associated with minimum dietary diversity practices among 6–23 months of children, Dabat district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016

From: Dietary diversity and meal frequency among infant and young children: a community based study

Variables Minimum dietary diversity Crude Odds Ratio with 95% CI Ajdusted Odds Ratio with 95% CI
  Adequate Inadequate
  N (%) N (%)   
Mother’s education
 Unable to read and write 92 (13.4) 593 (86.6) 1.00 1.00
 Primary education 50 (19.6) 205 (80.4) 1.57 (1.08, 2.30) 1.24 (0.79, 1.95)
 Secondary education 16 (29) 39 (71) 2.64 (1.40, 4.93) 1.30 (0.60, 0.80)
 Higher education 18 (46.2) 21 (53.8) 5.53 (2.84, 10.76) 1.59 (0.66, 3.80)
Age of children
 6–11 17 (8.1) 192 (91.9) 1.00 1.00
 12–17 33 (15.8) 176 (84.2) 2.12 (1.14, 3.94) 1.41 (0.73, 1.71)
 18–23 126 (20.5) 490 (79.50) 2.90 (1.70, 4.95) 2.34 (1.33, 4.11)*
Birth order
 First 47 (21.9) 168 (78.1) 1.00 1.00
 Second to fourth 95 (17.3) 453 (82.7) 0.75 (0.51, 1.11) 0.70 (0.41, 1.19)
 Above fourth 34 (21.9) 237 (87.5) 0.51 (0.32, 0.83) 0.74 (0.37, 1.48)
Media exposure
 Unsatisfactory 101 (12.2) 726 (87.8) 1.00 1.00
 Satisfactory 75 (36.2) 132 (63.8) 4.08 (2.87, 5.81) 2.79 (1.74, 4.47)*
Household wealth status
 Poor 32 (11.9) 237 (88.1) 1.00 1.00
 Middle 65 (15.7) 350 (84.3) 1.37 (0.87, 2.17) 1.53 (0.94, 2.47)
 Rich 79 (22.6) 271 (77.4) 2.16 (1.38, 3.37) 1.35 (0.81, 2.25)
Residence
 Rural 130 (14.4) 770 (85.6 1.00 1.00
 Urban 46 (34.3) 88 (65.7) 3.10 (2.07, 4.63) 1.14 (0.62, 1.20)
Postnatal visit
 No 75 (11.7) 566 (88.3)) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 101 (25.7) 292 (74.3) 2.61 (1.88, 3.63) 1.95 (1.34, 2.88)*
Home gardening
 No 163 (16.5) 825 (83.5) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 13 (28.3) 33 (71.7) 1.99 (1.03, 3.87) 1.88 (0.91, 3.92)
Place of birth
 Home 114 (64.8) 62 (35.2) 1.00 1.00
 Health institution 484 (56.4) 374 (43.6) 0.70 (0.50, 0.98) 0.93 (0.63, 1.37)
participation in growth monitoring follow up
 No 78 (13.7) 493 (86.3) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 98 (21.2) 365 (78.8) 1.70 (1.22,2.35) 1.65 (1.14, 2.39)*
Currently breastfed
 No 10 (32.3) 21 (67.7) 2.40 (1.11,5.19) 1.02 (0.24, 4.38)
 Yes 166 (16.6) 837 (83.4) 1.00 1.00
Age of mothers
 15–24 36 (14.6) 210 (85.4) 1.00 1.00
 25–34 107 (20.4) 418 (79.6) 1.49 (0.99, 1.39) 1.89 (1.09, 3.27)*
 35–50 33 (12.5) 230 (87.5) 0.84 (0.50, 1.39) 1.07 (0.57, 2.14)
  1. *indicate significant at p value less than 0.05 in multivariable logistic analysis