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Table 3 Mean and sd of test values, frequencies of raters reporting no pain or mild pain in calm situation and frequencies of raters reporting moderate to severe pain in painful situation

From: Validation of the Italian version of the Non-Communicating Children's Pain Checklist-Postoperative Version

  N Calm situation Painful situation
   Mean (sd) aNCCPC-PV < =10
n (%)
Mean (sd) bNCCPV-PV > 10
n (%)
External observer 40 4.6 (4.7) 36 (90.0%) 20.7 (15.4) 30 (75.0%)
Caregiver 40 8.4 (8.7) 29 (72.5%) 21.5 (15.8) 29 (72.5%)
  1. aNCCPV-PC < =10 no pain or mild pain;
  2. bNCCPV-PC >10 moderate to severe pain