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Table 2 Sanitation predictors of childhood diarrhea among U5C (n = 704) in Hadaleala district, Afar region, Northeast Ethiopia, May

From: Childhood diarrheal morbidity and sanitation predictors in a nomadic community

Environmental variables Childhood diarrhea COR with 95% CI AOR with 95% CI
Yes No
Drinking water source
 Protected 16 235 1  
 Unprotected 168 285 8.658(5.040, 14.873) 2.449(1.264, 4.744)a
Volume of water collected
  ≤ 15 L/C/d 127 246 2.482(1.737, 3.546) 1.535(1.004, 2.346)a
  > 15 L/C/d 57 274 1  
Water is shared with livestock at the source
 Yes 163 211 11.367(6.985, 18.498) 4.403(2.424, 7.999)a
 No 21 309 1  
The water storage container is covered at the time of the survey
 Yes 2 24 1  
 No 182 496 4.403(1.030, 18.818) 15.681(0.191, 1287.490)
How to withdraw water from the storage
 Pouring 182 502 1  
 Dipping 2 18 0.306(0.070, 1.334) 16.464(0.191, 1421.947)
Availability of any type of latrine
 Yes 21 120 1  
 No 163 400 2.329(1.415, 3.832) 2.278(1.045, 4.965)a
Faeces observed in the compound
 Yes 179 457 4.935(1.953, 12.470) 11.391(2.100, 61.787)a
 No 5 63 1  
Hand washing after visiting the toilet
 Yes 173 464 1  
 No 11 56 0.527(0.270, 1.029) 16.511(3.304, 82.509)a
Number of rooms
 Only one room 167 231 12.290(7.248, 20.840) 5.827 (3.208, 10.581)a
 Two rooms 17 289 1  
Floor type
 Earth floor 168 426 2.317(1.324, 4.053) 2.039 (0.938, 4.434)
 Cemented floor 16 94 1  
  1. The result of Hosmer and lemshow test was > 0.05
  2. aStatistically significant variables