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Table 4 Distribution of stunting by the selected characteristics among children aged 6–59 months in the predominantly rural population of northwest Ethiopia, 2015 (N = 1295)

From: Stunting and its determinant factors among children aged 6–59 months in Ethiopia

Variables Severity of stunting (Height-for-Age Z-score) (HAZ)
Severe stunting (HAZ < −3) Moderate stunting (−3.00 ≤ HAZ < −2) Normal (HAZ ≥ −2) Total
Number of children under five
 1 21(1.6%) 34(2.6%) 46(3.6%) 101(7.8%)
 2–4 326(25.2%) 454(35%) 414(32%) 1194(92.2%)
Wealth status
 Poor 187(14.4%) 189(14.6%) 113(8.7%) 489(37.7%)
 Medium 90(7%) 148(11.4%) 149(11.5%) 387(29.9%)
 Rich 70(5.4%) 151(11.7%) 198(15.3%) 419(32.4%)
Main source of family food
 Own production 263(20.3%) 332(25.6%) 291(22.5%) 886(68.4%)
 Purchasing 66(5.1%) 142(10.9%) 156(12.1%) 364(28.1%)
 Others 18(1.4%) 14(1.1%) 13(1%) 45(3.5%)
Maternal employment status
 Housewife 167(12.9%) 285(22%) 276(21.3%) 728(56.2%)
 Farmer 146(11.3%) 122(9.4%) 83(6.4%) 351(27.1%)
 Others 34(2.6%) 81(6.3%) 101(7.8%) 216(16.7%)
Health care access
 Good 295(22.7%) 431(33.3%) 422(32.6%) 1148(88.6%)
 Poor 52(4%) 57(4.4%) 38(3%) 147(11.4%)
Source of drinking water
 Protected source 138(10.7%) 184(14.2%) 179(13.8%) 501(38.7%)
 Unprotected source 209(16.1%) 304 (23.5%) 281(21.7%) 794(61.3%)
Maternal Vitamin A supplementation
 Yes 59(4.6%) 111(8.6%) 135(10.4%) 305(23.6%)
 No 288(22.2%) 377(29.1%) 325(25.1%) 990(76.4%)
Exclusive breast feeding
 Yes 180(13.9%) 315(24.3%) 313(24.2%) 808(62.4%)
 No 167(12.9%) 173(13.4%) 147(11.3%) 487(37.6%)
Complementary feeding initiation
 Timely 182(14.1%) 280(21.6%) 278(21.4%) 740(57.1%)
 Early 39(3%) 59(4.6%) 57(4.4%) 155(12%)
 Late 126(9.7%) 149(11.5%) 125(9.7%) 400(30.9%)
Dietary diversity score
  < 4 food groups 334(25.8%) 463(35.8%) 421(32.5%) 1218(94.1%)
  ≥ 4 food groups 13(1%) 25(1.9%) 39(3%) 77(5.9%)