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Table 5 An ordinal logistic regression showing the determinants of severe stunting among children aged 6–59 months in the predominantly rural population of northwest Ethiopia, 2015

From: Stunting and its determinant factors among children aged 6–59 months in Ethiopia

Variable Frequency Severe stunting n (%) AOR [95% CI]
Number of under five children
 1 101 21 (20.8) 1
 2–4 1194 326 (27.3) 0.96 (0.61, 1.52)
Household size
  ≤ 4 470 111 (23.6) 1
 5–7 632 183(29) 1.10 (0.85, 1.42)
 8–10 193 53 (27.5) 0.89 (0.61, 1.30)
Wealth status
 Poor 489 187(38.2) 2.07 (1.56, 2.75)a
 Medium 387 90 (23.3) 1.37 (1.03, 1.83)a
 Rich 419 70 (16.7) 1
Main source of family food
 Own production 886 263 (29.7) 1.44 (1.09, 1.89)a
 Purchasing 364 66 (18.1) 1
 Others 45 18(40) 1.74 (0.94, 3.23)
Maternal education
 No formal education 884 256 (29.0) 1.24 (0.85, 1.79)
 Primary education 189 54(28.6) 1.29 (0.86, 1.93)
 Secondary education 222 37 (16.7) 1
Maternal employment status
 Housewife 728 167 (22.9) 1
 Farmer 351 146 (41.6) 1.45 (1.08, 1.93)a
 Others 216 34 (15.7) 1.02 (0.71, 1.49)
Paternal education
 No formal education 864 254 (29.4) 1.08 (0.84, 1.40)
 Formal education 431 93 (21.6) 1
Health care access
 Good 1148 295 (25.6) 1
 Poor 147 52(35.4) 1.38 (0.99, 1.91)
Source of drinking water
 Protected source 501 138 (27.5) 1
 Unprotected source 794 209(26.3) 0.92 (0.72, 1.17)
Availability of latrine
 Yes 387 93(24) 1.15 (0.90, 1.48)
 No 908 254(28) 1
Maternal vitamin A supplementation
 Yes 305 59 (19.3) 1
 No 990 288 (29.1) 1.54 (1.19, 2.00)a
Breastfeeding initiation within 1 h
 Yes 663 161 (24.3) 1
 No 632 186(29.4) 0.90 (0.71, 1.16)
Exclusive breastfeeding
 Yes 808 180(22.3) 1
 No 487 167(34.3) 1.31(0.94, 1.83)
Complementary feeding initiation
 Timely 740 182(24.6) 1
 Early 155 39 (25.2) 0.80 (0.54, 1.19)
 Late 400 126 (31.5) 1.01 (0.72, 1.41)
Dietary diversity score
  < 4 food groups 1218 334(27.4) 1.44 (0.91, 2.28)
  ≥ 4 food groups 77 13 (16.9) 1
  1. asignificant at a P-value of < 0.05