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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression output showing that factors associatedwith stunting among school adolescent girls, Gondar City Administration, northwest Ethiopia, 2017

From: One in three adolescent schoolgirls in urban northwest Ethiopia is stunted

Variables Stunting Crude Odds Ratio with 95% C) Adjusted Odds Ratio with 95% CI
Stunted Not stunted
Age of adolescent
 Early 3(2.1%) 137(97.9%) 0.01(0.00,0.04) 0.26(0.00,0.22)a
 Middle 112(27. %) 303(73%) 0.23(0.16,0.32) 0.22(0.15,0.34)a
 Late 148(61.7%) 92(38.3%) 1 1
Educational level of respondents
 Primary 48(16%) 253(84%) 0.15(0.08,0.26) 0.68(0.28,1.85)
 High school 178(41.6%) 250(58.4%) 0.56(.33,.94) 0.95(0.49,1.85)
 Preparatory school 37(56.1%) 29(43.9%) 1 1
School enrolled
 Government 243(38.9%) 382(61.1%) 4.61(2.77,7.46) 1.49(0.71,3.14)
 Private 20(12.1%) 145(87.9%) 1 1
Educational status of father
 Informal education 156(41.2%) 223(58.8%) 2.11(1.43,3.12) 0.91(0.51,1.74)
 Primary 29(29%) 71(71%) 1.23(0.71,2.13) 0.71(0.32,1.54)
 Secondary 32(24.4%) 99(75.6%) 0.97(.58,1.64) 0.66(0.32,1.36)
 College and above 46(24.9%) 139(75.1%) 1 1
Educational status of mothers
 Informal education 178(40.7%) 259(59.3%) 2.85(1.70,4.76) 2.84(1.02,7.94)a
 Primary 29(23.8%) 93(76.2%) 1.29(0.69,2.43) 2.01(0.69,5.81)
 Secondary 35(27.3%) 93(72.7%) 1.59(0.48,2.88) 2.26(0.85,6.03)
 College and above 21(19.4%) 87(80.6%) 1 1
Occupation of the mothers
 Government employee 44(34.1%) 85(65.9%) 1.61(0.72,3.57) 1.66(0.55,5.03)
 Housewife 175(35.1%) 324(64.9%) 1.67(0.80,3.51) 0.78(0.30,2.04)
 Daily laborer 15(36.6%) 26(63.4%) 1.79(0.69,4.65) 0.63(0.18,2.22)
 Merchant 19(22.4%) 66(77.6%) 0.89(0.37,2.14 0.41(0.13,1.28)
 Others 10(24.4%) 31(75.6%) 1 1
Dietary diversity
 Adequate 187(31.2%) 413(68.8%) 1 1
 Inadequate 76(39%) 119(61%) 1.41(1.00,1.97) 1.06(0.70,1.61)
Wealth index
 1st quintile 77(45.8%) 91(54.2%) 2.23(1.44,3.44) 1.72(0.95,3.12)
 2nd quintile 73(33.3%) 146(66.7%) 1.31(0.86.1.57) 1.01(0.61,1.86)
 3rd quintile 58(%) 150(%) 1.01(0.66,1.57) 0.82(0.47,1.43)
 4th quintile 55(27.9%) 145(72.1%) 1 1
Availability of latrine
 Yes 192(30.5%) 437(69.5%) 1 1
 No 71(42.8%) 95(57.2%) 1.70(1.19,2.41) 0.74(0.38,1.45)
Menstruation status
 10–13 57(35%) 106(65%) 0.40(0.09.1.87) 0.86(0.54,1.37)
 14–16 152(42.5%) 206(57.5%) 0.55(0.12,2.51) 0.99(0.17,5.61)
 17–19 4(57.1%) 3(42.9%) 1 1
Media exposure
 Satisfactory 225(35.7%) 406(64.3%) 1 1
 Unsatisfactory 38(23.2%) 126(76.8%) 0.54(0.36,0.81) 1.69(1.01,2.84)a
Past history of pregnancy
 No 222(39.3%) 343(60.7%) 1 1
 Yes 19(54.3%) 16(45.7%) 1.84(0.92,3.64) 0.46(0.21,0.98)
Past two weeks history of illness
 No 222(39.3%) 343(60.7%) 1 1
 Yes 19(3.7%) 501(96.3%) 0.72(0.49,1.06) 0.51(0.23,1.50)
Household food security
 Secured 174(34.9%) 325(65.1%) 1 1
 In secured 89(30.1%) 207(69.9%) 1.25(0.91,1.71) 0.81(0.52,1.26)
Availability of waste disposal/garbage
 No 29(48.3%) 31(51.7%) 2.00(1.18,3.40) 0.73(.371,1.43)
 Yes 234(31.8%) 501(68.2%) 1 1
Availability of home gardening
 No 213(32.1%) 451(67.9%) 0.77(0.52,1.13) 0.69(0.42,1.12)
 Yes 50(38.2%) 81(61.8%) 1 1
  1. aindicate significant at p value less than 0.05 in multivariable logistic analysis