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Table 2 Baseline clinical and immunological profile of HIV positive children on ART in Amhara Regional State referral hospitals, Ethiopia from the 1st of January, 2012 – the 28th February, 2017

From: Effects of undernutrition on survival of human immunodeficiency virus positive children on antiretroviral therapy

Variables Frequency (N) Percentage (%)
OI at baseline
 Yes 182 53.3
 No 208 46.7
Functional status (age ≥5 year) (N = 262)
 Working 150 57.3
 Ambulatory 105 40.1
 Bedridden 7 2.7
Developmental History (age < 5 years) (N = 128)
 Appropriate 97 75.8
 Delayed 24 17.8
 Regressive 7 5.5
WHO clinical stage
 Stage I and II 229 58.8
 Stage III and IV 161 41.2
Past TB test before ART
 Not determined 310 79.5
 Negative 37 9.5
 Positive 43 11.0
Past TB treatment
 No treatment 346 88.7
 2SRHZ/4RH 30 7.7
 2HRZES/4HRE 3 0.8
  HRZE/4RH 11 2.8
CD4 count or percent
 Below the threshold 273 70.0
 Above the threshold 117 30.0
Hemoglobin level
  < 10 g/dl 47 12.0
  ≥10 g/dl 343 88.0
ART eligibility criteria
 Immunologic/ CD4 107 27.9
 WHO clinical stage 47 12.0
 Both clinical and immunologic 152 39.0
 Without criteria 84 21.5
Type of Regimen during follow up
 4a = d4t-3TC-NVP 48 12.3
 4b = d4t-3TC-EFV 22 5.6
 4c = AZT-3TC-NVP 149 38.2
 4d = AZT-3TC-EFV 78 20.0
 1e = TDF-3TC-EFV 35 9.0
 1 h = ABC-3TC-NVP 10 2.6
 1 g = ABC-3TC-EFV 13 3.3
 2nd line 9 2.3
 Others 26 6.7
OI during follow-up
 Yes 107 27.4
 No 283 72.6
Cotrimoxazole preventive therapy
 Yes 233 59.7
 No 157 40.3
Regimen change during follow-up
 Yes 118 30.3
 No 272 69.7
Regimen stopped during follow-up
 Yes 18 4.6
 No 372 95.4
ART adherence in the 1st 3 months
 Good /fair 495 92.2
 Poor 42 7.8