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Table 4 The bivariable and multivariable Cox regression analysis of predictors of mortality among HIV positive children on ART in Amhara Regional State referral hospitals, Ethiopia from January 1st, 2012 - February 28th, 2017

From: Effects of undernutrition on survival of human immunodeficiency virus positive children on antiretroviral therapy

Variables Survival status
Dead Censored
CHR (95%CI) AHR (95%CI)
Sex
 Male 23 154 2.5 (1.3, 5.0) 1.3 (0.6, 3.0)
 Female 15 198 1 1
Age
  < 1yer 3 8 4.9 (1.4, 17.0) 2.5 (0.6, 9.9)
 1-5 years 17 99 2.2(1.1, 4.3) 1.7(0.7, 3.7)
 5-15 years 18 245 1 1
Residence
 Urban 35 298 1 1
 Rural 3 54 0.6(0.2, 2.0) 0.5(0.1, 1.7)
OI at baseline
 Yes 30 152 4.3 (2.0,9.0) 1.9 (0.8, 4.5)
 No 8 200 1 1
WHO clinical staging
 Stage I and II 8 221 1 1
 Stage III and IV 30 131 5.6 (2.6, 12.3) 2.6 (1.1, 6.6)**
CD4 count or percent
 Below the threshold 33 2410 3.2 (1.2, 8.2) 5.2 (1.9, 14.1)**
 Above the threshold 5 112 1 1
Hemoglobin level
  < 10 g/dl 15 32 6.2 (3.2, 11.9) 3.2 (1.4, 7.4)**
  ≥ 10 g/dl 23 320 1 1
Underweight
 Normal 10 242 1  
 Moderate (WAZ < − 2 13 66 4.2 (1.8, 9.6) 2.4 (0.9,6.4)
 Severely (WAZ < −3) 15 44 6.8 (3.01, 15.2) 1.3 (0.5, 3.6)
Stunting
 Normal 12 254 1 1
 Moderate (HAZ < −2) 8 39 3.9 (1.6, 9.7) 2.3 (0.9, 6.29)
 Severe (HAZ < −3) 18 59 6.1 (2.9, 12.9) 3.9 (1.7, 9.4)**
Wasting
 Normal 18 269 1 1
 Moderate (WHZ or BAZ < −2) 5 44 1.5 (0.5, 4.0) 1.2 (0.4, 3.6)
 Severe (WHZ or BAZ < −3) 15 39 4.5 (2.2,9.0) 3.0 (1.3, 6.9)**
  1. **Significant predictors in the multivariable analysis