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Table 1 Characteristics of the overall population study and of four considered ocular motility disorders

From: A cohort study on acute ocular motility disorders in pediatric emergency department

Characteristics Total
n = 192 (%)
Isolated Pupillar Disorders
n = 61 (31.8%)
Isolated Strabismus
n = 99 (51.6%)
Isolated
Ptosis
n = 10 (5.2%)
Combined Ocular Disorders
n = 22 (11.5%)
Sex
 Female 87 (45.3%) 28 (45.9%) 43 (43.4%) 4 (40%) 12 (54.5%)
 Male 105 (54.7%) 33 (54.1%) 56 (56.6%) 6 (60%) 10 (45.5%)
Age (months) (mean ± SD) 63.84 ± 52.02 60.51 ± 60 60.34 ± 44.7 102.4 ± 54.32 71.32 ± 54.8
Age group
 Infant –Toddler (2–36 months) 78 (40.6%) 31 (50.8%) 40 (40.4%) 2 (20%) 5 (22.7%)
 Preschooler (37–72 months) 45 (23.4%) 10 (16.4%) 26 (26.3%) 1 (10%) 9 (36.4%)
 Schooler-Teenager (73–214 months) 69 (35.9%) 20 (32.8%) 33 (33.3%) 7 (70%) 9 (40.9%)
Triage
 White 6 (3.1%) 2 (3.3%) 2 (2%) 1 (10%) 1 (4.5%)
 Green 88 (45.8%) 23 (37.7%) 51 (51.5%) 4 (40%) 10 (45.5%)
 Yellow 93 (48.4%) 31 (50.8%) 46 (46.5%) 5 (50%) 11 (50%)
 Red 5 (2.6%) 5 (8.2%) 0 0 0
Clinical Onset
 Within 24 h 92 (47.9%) 41 (67.2%) 39 (39.4%) 3 (30%) 9 (40.9%)
 Within 72 h 28 (14.6%) 8 (13.1%) 16 (16.2%) 2 (20%) 2 (9.1%)
 Over 72 h 72 (37.5%) 12 (19.7%) 44 (44.4%) 5 (50%) 11 (50%)
Systemic Symptoms 92 (47.9%) 27 (44.3%) 47 (47.5%) 9 (90%) 9 (40.9%)
Specialist Consultation at ED 167 (87%) 45 (73.8%) 94 (94.9%) 8 (80%) 20 (90.9%)
NeuroImaging 118 (61.5%) 22 (36.1%) 69 (69.7%) 9 (90%) 18 (81.8%)
CT Scan 92 (47.9%) 21 (34.4%) 50 (50.5%) 7 (70%) 14 (63.6%)
MRI 83 (43.2%) 10 (16.4%) 50 (50.5%) 8 (80%) 15 (68.2%)
Outcome
 Discharged 71 (37%) 30 (49.2%) 36 (36.4%) 2 (20%) 3 (13.6%)
 Hospitalized 121 (63%) 31 (50.8%) 63 (63.6%) 8 (80%) 19 (86.4%)
Lenght of Hospital Stay (mean ± SD) 10.42 ± 12.8 9.21 ± 14 9.19 ± 10.3 13 ± 6.1 16.8 ± 18.41
Life-Threatening Conditions 56 (29.2%) 10 (16.4%) 27 (27.3%) 6 (60%) 13 (59.1%)
  1. SD Standard Deviation, ED Emergency Department, CT Computed Tomography, MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging