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Table 3 Outcomes for Mothers and Grandmothers

From: Comparison of mothers and grandmothers physical and mental health and functioning within 6 months after child NICU/PICU death

  Mothers M (SD) N = 32 Grandmothers M (SD) N = 32 Paired t value Correlation
Physical Health
 Self-rated health 7.3 (2.48) 7.8 (2.00) 0.75 −.08
 Total number chronic conditions 0.6 (0.84) 1.4 (1.29) 2.91** −.23
 Number chronic conditions before death 0.2 (0.54) 1.2 (1.26) 3.97** −.21
 Number new chronic conditions after death 0.4 (0.66) 0.3 (0.51) 0.81 −.10
 Number acute illnesses after the death 0.7 (0.96) 0.3 (0.57) 2.53* .13
Mental Health
 Depression (BDI) score 20.0 (13.62) 11.7 (10.52) 2.81** .05
 PTSD (IES-R) score 43.6 (19.51) 35.5 (23.17) 1.73 .27
  Hyperarousal 10.9 (7.61) 6.6 (6.97) 2.45* .10
  Avoidance 11.8 (8.05) 11.1 (9.06) 0.40 .31
  Intrusion 21.0 (7.22) 17.3 (9.54) 1.87 .12
Grief
  Despair 34.9 (14.90) 27.7 (12.22) 2.29* .19
  Detachment 15.4 (7.88) 11.3 (5.79) 2.23* .13
  Panic 29.8 (13.68) 25.5 (9.22) 1.39 −.09
  Blame & Anger 13.7 (7.55) 10.6 (4.82) 1.90 −.10
  Disorganization 14.2 (5.51) 13.7 (6.73) 0.39 .13
  Personal Growth 38.8 (10.67) 42.3 (11.87) 1.33 .14
Functioning
 Employment – Trouble focusing on work 4.6 (2.97) 5.2 (2.72) 0.86 .05
 Social Support 66.3 (13.91) 60.5 (11.06) 1.67 −.18
  1. *p < .05 **p < .01 All p values > .05 (NS)