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Table 3 Incidence rates of Kawasaki disease in Asia, Europe, and North-America

From: Kawasaki disease: guidelines of the Italian Society of Pediatrics, part I - definition, epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical expression and management of the acute phase

Region Period Incidencea Source of data Reference
Asia
 Japan 2011–2012 243.1–264.8 National survey Makino et al. 2015 [13]
 Japan 2007–2008 215.3–218.6 National survey Nakamura et al. 2010 [39]
 Korea 2009–2011 115.4–134.4 National survey Kim et al. 2014 [8]
 Corea 2006–2008 113.1 National survey Park et al. 2011 [28]
 Taiwan 2003–2006 69.0 National Health System database Huang et al. 2009 [40]
China
 -Bejing 2004 55.1 Beijing’s Hospitals survey Du et al. 2007 [41]
 -Shanghai 2007 53.3 Pediatric ward survey Ma et al. 2010 [42]
 -Hong Kong 1997–2000 39.0 Retrospective and perspective analysis Ng et al. 2005 [43]
 - Sichuan 2001 9.81 Hospital survey Li et al. 2008 [44]
India 2007 4.5 Retrospective analysis in Chandigarh, Northern India Singh et al. 2011 [45]
Thailand 2002 3.4 KD National Register Durongpisitkul et al. 2006 [46]
North America
 Hawaii 1996–2006 50.4 Hawaii State Inpatient Database Holman et al. 2010 [47]
 Canada 2004–2006 26.2 Clinical records’ Review in Ontario Lin et al. 2010 [48]
South America
 Chile 2001–2007 6.8 National survey Borzutzky et al. 2012 [49]
Australia
 Western Australia 1980–1989 2.82 ICD-9 review in Referral Hospital Saundankar et al. 2014 [9]
1990–1999 7.96
2000–2009 9.34
Middle- East
 Israel 1996–2009 6.4 National Health System database Bar-Meir, 2011 [10]
Europe
 United Kingdom 1998–2003 8.4 Hospitals’ data Harnden et al. 2009 [50]
 Ireland 1996–2000 15.2 Ireland’s Hospital In-Patient Enquiry database Lynch et al. 2003 [51]
 Finland 1992 7.2 Recovery register Salo et al. 1993 [52]
 Denmark 1999–2004 4.9 Danish National Hospital Register Fischer et al. 2007 [53]
 Sweden 1990–1992 6.2 Clinical records Schiller et al. 1995 [54]
 France 2005–2006 9.0 Perspective survey in pediatric ward of Northen France Heuclin et al. 2009 [55]
 Italy 1981–1982 14.7 Clinical records’ Review and families’interview in Northen Italy Tamburlini et al. 1984 [12]
  1. aIncidence rates are reported per 100,000 children < 5 years of age, with exclusion of India, for which they are reported per 100,000 children < 15 years of age