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Table 5 List of illnesses entering in differential diagnosis with Kawasaki disease

From: Kawasaki disease: guidelines of the Italian Society of Pediatrics, part I - definition, epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical expression and management of the acute phase

Infectious illnesses Non-infectious illnesses
. viral (rubella, adenovirus, enterovirus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus B19, human herpesvirus 6)
. scarlet fever
. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection
. toxic shock syndrome
. staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
. bartonellosis
. Rocky mountain spotted fever
. tularemia
. leptospirosis
. drug hypersensitivity reaction
. Stevens-Johnson syndrome
. juvenile idiopathic arthritis
. polyarteritis nodosa
. autoinflammatory syndromes
. sarcoidosis
. acrodynia