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Table 3 The prevalence and severity of anemia according to selected children and parental characteristics

From: Anemia severity among children aged 6–59 months in Gondar town, Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variable Categories Anemic status and severity level (n (%))
Severely anemic Moderately anemic Mildly anemic Non-anemic Overall anemia prevalence
Sex of child Male 3 (0.8) 38 (10.1) 69 (18.3) 268 (70.9) 110 (29.1)
Female 2 (0.6) 35 (10.6) 55 (16.8) 237 (72.0) 92 (28.0)
Age of child (months) 6–11 2 (2.7) 16 (21.6) 18 (24.3) 38 (51.4) 36 (48.6)
12–23 1 (0.6) 29 (16.0) 45 (24.9) 106 (58.8) 75 (41.4)
24–35 1 (0.6) 19 (10.9) 27 (15.5) 127 (73.0) 47 (27.0)
36–47 1 (0.6) 6 (3.9) 26 (16.8) 122 (78.7) 33 (21.3)
48–59 0 3 (2.4) 8 (6.5) 112 (91.1) 11 (8.9)
WHZ Wasted 0 6 (13.0) 8 (17.4) 32 (69.6) 14 (30.4)
Normal 5 (0.8) 67 (10.1) 116 (17.5) 473 (71.6) 188 (28.4)
HAZ Stunted 3 (0.9) 30 (9.3) 60 (18.6) 230 (71.2) 93 (28.8)
Normal 2 (0.5) 43 (11.2) 64 (16.7) 275 (71.6) 109 (28.4)
WAZ Underweight 2 (1.8) 9 (8.1) 23 (20.7) 77 (69.4) 34 (30.6)
Normal 3 (0.5) 64 (10.7) 101 (16.9) 428 (71.8) 168 (28.2)
Maternal age < 25 years 1 (0.6) 18 (10.9) 41 (24.8) 105 (63.6) 60 (36.4)
25–35 years 0 7 (9.2) 13 (17.1) 56 (73.7) 20 (26.3)
> 35 years 4 (0.9) 48 (10.3) 70 (15.0) 344 (73.8) 122 (26.2)
Maternal education No formal education 2 (0.9) 25 (11.4) 42 (19.1) 151 (68.6) 69 (31.4)
Primary education 0 27 (12.9) 44 (21.0) 139 (66.2) 71 (33.8)
Secondary and above 3 (1.1) 21 (7.6) 38 (13.7) 215 (77.6) 62 (22.4)
Frequency of ANC visits Never visited 1 (2.1) 9 (9.1) 12 (25.5) 25 (53.2) 22 (46.8)
1–4 times visited 4 (0.7) 55 (9.4) 101 (17.2) 428 (72.8) 160 (27.2)
More than 4 times visited 0 9 (12.5) 11 (15.3) 52 (72.2) 20 (27.8)
Child’s place of delivery At home 1 (0.7) 25 (17.1) 29 (20.0) 90 (62.1) 55 (37.9)
At health institution 4 (0.7) 48 (8.5) 95 (16.9) 415 (73.8) 147 (26.2)
Type of child birth Twin 1 (6.7) 4 (26.7) 3 (20.0) 7 (46.7) 15 (53.3)
Singleton 4 (0.6) 69 (10.0) 121 (17.5) 498 (72.0) 194 (28.0)
Frequency of Complementary feeding < 3 times per day 1 (3.7) 6 (22.2) 7 (17.1) 13 (64.8) 14 (519)
3–4 times per day 3 (0.6) 54 (10.0) 90 (16.6) 394 (72.8) 147 (27.2)
>  4 times per day 1 (0.7) 13 (9.4) 27 (19.4) 98 (70.5) 41 (29.5)
Loss of appetite Yes 2 (1.4) 15 (10.7) 34 (24.3) 89 (63.6) 51 (36.4)
No 3 (0.5) 58 (10.2) 90 (15.9) 416 (73.4) 51 (9.0)
Presence of morbidity symptoms Yes 2 (1.3) 16 (10.5) 38 (25.0) 96 (63.2) 56 (36.8)
No 3 (0.5) 57 (10.3) 86 (15.5) 409 (73.7) 146 (26.3)
Child being breastfed Yes 4 (1.3) 48 (15.9) 71 (23.6) 178 (59.1) 123 (40.9)
No 1 (0.2) 25 (6.2) 53 (13.1) 327 (80.3) 79 (19.5)
Presence of Diarrhea Yes 0 8 (9.6) 23 (27.1) 52 (62.7) 31 (37.3)
No 5 (0.8) 65 (10.4) 101 (62.2) 453 (72.6) 624 (27.4)
Preceding birth intervala 12–24 months 1 (1.2) 9 (10.8) 16 (19.3) 57 (68.7) 26 (31.3)
25–48 months 1 (0.7) 19 (12.8) 24 (16.1) 105 (70.5) 44 (29.5)
> 48 months 1 (0.5) 16 (8.6) 26 (14.0) 143 (76.9) 43 (23.1)
Maternal marital status Married 4 (0.6) 61 (9.9) 106 (17.1) 448 (72.4) 171 (27.6)
Unmarriedc 1 (1.1) 12 (13.6) 18 (20.5) 57 (64.8) 31 (35.2)
Pre-lacteal feeding Yes 0 8 (13.8) 13 (22.4) 37 (63.8) 21 (36.2)
No 5 (0.8) 65 (10.0) 111 (17.1) 468 (72.1) 181 (27.9)
Number of under five children 1 2 (0.4) 58 (10.3) 100 (17.7) 405 (71.7) 160 (28.3)
≥2 3 (2.1) 15 (10.6) 24 (16.9) 100 (70.4) 42 (29.6)
Family monthly incomeb < 108$ 4 (0.9) 50 (11.2) 88 (19.7) 304 (68.2) 142 (31.8)
≥ 108$ 1 (0.4) 23 (8.8) 36 (13.8) 201 (77.0) 60 (23.0)
  1. ANC antenatal care; aPercentage was calculated for 418 children whose birth order is 2nd and above. bclassified on the basis of the mean value; Unmarriedc: includes Single, divorced and widowed