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Table 3 Determinants of underweight

From: Malnutrition, morbidity and infection in the informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: an epidemiological study

Variables Adjusted Odds Ratio 95% CI p- value
Lower limit Upper limit
Child’s age in months 1,48 0,90 2,45 0,12
Gender (Ref: Female)
 Male 4,21 0,77 23,06 0,098
Child had fever in last 2 weeks (Ref:No)
 Yes 0,35 0,04 3,16 0,35
Child had Cough + Rapid Breath in the last 2 weeks (Ref:No)
 Yes 17,36 0,18 1689,60 0,22
Treating of drinking water (Ref:Yes)
 No 0,74 0,10 5,52 0,77
Handwashing behaviour (Ref: Never/Rarely/Sometimes)
 Often/Always 0,14 0,02 1,25 0,08
Utensils for feeding the baby washed separately (Ref:Yes)
 No 0,09 0,01 1,01 0,05
Location of toilet facility (Ref: Within the compound)
 Outside the compound 0,27 0,05 1,53 0,14
Birth weight (Ref: Birth weight > = 2500 g)
 Birth weight < 2500 g 2,26 0,28 18,39 0,45
Fully immunized children (Ref: No)
 Yes 0,76 0,15 3,74 0,74
Mothers occupation (Ref: Not employed)
 Housewife 0,08 0,01 0,97 0,047
 Employed (salaried) 0,70 0,02 27,69 0,85
 Self employed 0,22 0,01 4,87 0,34
 Casual labourer 0,46 0,03 6,72 0,57
Mothers’ marital status (Ref: Not in a union)
 In a union 0,29 0,03 3,44 0,33
Mothers’ educational attainment (Ref: Less than primary)
 Primary School 0,85 0,09 8,45 0,89
 Secondary School 3,82 0,12 125,21 0,45
 College/University 0,69 0,01 53,94 0,87
Number of children mother has (Ref: [1] child)
 2 children 0,93 0,04 24,39 0,97
 3 children 3,39 0,01 116,81 0,499
Age of mother/caregiver (years) (Ref: [14,15,16,17,18,19,20])
 21–24 0,07 0,01 0,78 0,03
 25–29 0,08 0,01 0,95 0,045
 30–45 0,20 0,02 2,83 0,23
Housefold food security (Ref: Food secure)
 Mild food insecure access 1,10 0,04 28,71 0,95
 Moderate food insecure access 7,51 0,75 75,48 0,09
 Severe food insecure access 1,95 0,15 25,63 0,61
Minimun meal frequency (Ref: No)
 Yes 1,19 0,13 10,91 0,88
Study group (Ref: Control)
 Intervention 0,21 0,043 1,21 0,08
 Constant 26,53 0,00 309,488,30 0,49