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Table 1 Principal characteristics of previously reports of paediatric septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint

From: Otogenic temporomandibular septic arthritis in a child: a case report and a review of the literature

Author, year of publication Kind of study Age & Sex Initial site of infection Initial sign of TMJ infection Imaging Surgical treatment Antibiotic treatment Bacteria involved Outcome
Hadlock TA et al., 2001 [8] Case report 11 y, F AOM and mastoiditis Otalgia, trismus, left-side neck tenderness CT scan Mastoidectomy, myringotomy, aspiration of the TMJ Broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics, followed by oral antibiotics. Not specified the kind of antibiotic Group A Streptococcus None
Amos MJ et al., 2007 [9] Case report 6 y, F Suspected AOM Otalgia, facial swelling, fever, jaw pain Orthopantomogram; Ultrasound scan Aspiration of the TMJ Flucloxacillin and metronidazole Unknown None
Gayle EA et al., 2013 [10] Case report 6 y, M AOM Fever, otalgia, rhinorrhoea, vomiting, trismus CT scan Arthrocentesis Intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam followed by oral amoxicillin/clavulanate Group A Streptococcus None
Bast F et al., 2015 [6] Case report 7 y, M AOM Pain, swelling, trismus MRI 2 aspiration and washout of the TMJ Intravenous ceftriaxone Group A Streptococcus None
Tsai C et al., 2017 [11] Case report 5 y, M AOM Fever, otalgia, swelling, trismus CT scan (that revealed concomitant Luc’s abscess) TMJ arthrotomy Intravenous ceftriaxone followed by oral amoxicillin/clavulanate Group A Streptococcus None
Dubron K et al., 2017 [12] Case report 7 y, M AOM Otalgia, trismus CT scan Arthrocentesis Intravenous amoxicillin/clavulanate Group A Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis None
Luscan et al., 2016 [15] Prospective 15 of the 45 patients enrolled Otomastoiditis Unknown CT scan Not available Unknown Unknown 2 patients presented TMJ ankylosis
Burgess et al., 2017 [16] Retrospective 9 patients, 6 M, mean age 2.1 y Acute mastoiditis in 7 cases, AOM in 2 cases Preauricular swelling (5 cases), trismus (1 case) CT scan Surgical drainage, mastoidectomy Antibiotic treatment (not clarify) Fusubacterium necrophorum (3 cases) Long-term ankylosis in 6 cases