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Table 2 Advices to parents and clinicians on media use during adolescence

From: Media use during adolescence: the recommendations of the Italian Pediatric Society

ADVICES
ITEMTO PARENTSITEMTO CLINICIANS
Communication- Create open communication sharing problems and difficulties
- Remind the need to protect online privacy
- Encourage critical thinking about media
Communication- Provide to adolescents Information about positive and negative effects of media use
- Reflect with teens about worsening of academic performances
Monitoring- Time spent online
- The appropriate technology for each stage of development.
- Contents
Positive aspects- Promote face-to face interaction
- Encourage a safe use of media
- Promote media use to share contents with friends
Rules- No media use during meals
- No media use during home-works
- No media use during bed time
Physical examination and education- Introduce screening questions about media use during general visit
- Recognize symptoms and signs suggestive for a not correct media use: weight loss/gain headaches, muscle discomfort, eyes disturbances, psychological problems
Give the example- Restrict time spent using smartphone during family meetings
- Do not use smartphones when driving and during meals.
- Choose appropriate contents for online communication and social network
Collaboration- Create a network with families and health care providers
Collaboration- Create a network with pediatrician and health care providers