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Table 1 Bivariate correlations between BISQ, QUIT, PAPA, PAMA, paternal involvement and bedtime difficulties perceived by fathers

From: Parental Mental Health, Fathers’ Involvement and Bedtime Resistance in Infants

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1. Infants’ Bedtime Difficulties_BISQ_FA 1       
2. Negative Emotionality_QUIT_FA .21 1      
3. Minutes taken to fall asleep_BISQ_FA .36** .13 1     
4. Paternal Post-partum affective disorders PAPA_TOT .25* .38* .27* 1    
5. Maternal Post-partum affective disorders PAMA_TOT .29* .38* .23 .45** 1   
6. Constant Bedtime Routines_BISQ_FA −.11 .33* .07 .01 −.02 1  
7. Paternal Involvement_FA −.37** .06 −.24 .07 .04 −.15 1
Mean 2.35 2.76 2.58 6.01 6.75 4.27 3.27
SD 1.20 .73 .69 4.43 4.67 .91 .86
Range 1–5 0–4.3 1–4 0–16 0–21 1–5 2–5
  1. * p < .05; ** p < .01
  2. Abbreviations: FA = reported by fathers; BISQ = Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire; QUIT = Italian Temperament Questionnaires; PAPA_TOT = Perinatal Assessment of Paternal Affectivity Total score; PAMA_TOT = Perinatal Assessment of Maternal Affectivity Total score